The Ten Point Plan

The Sacred Mission of our endeavors here of our cause here described in its totality is to architecturally re-arrange our collective way of life here to establish a Great Society for everyone in our United States of America, in our time; the nature of which Cause of Action arises from our duty in the moral conscience of each of us to do justice to others and to the Earth that we are the custodial caretakers of and to all its life abounding here.

The old adage of caveat emptor (let the buyer beware) is displaced in modern times by society's need to protect innocent people, and the innocent in general bespeaking of the environment and other life forms, from suffering loss as a result of unjustly enriching others. The weakness of persons needing protection may be ignorance, inability to understand, misplaced trust, or their circumstances of fate, and whether or not the ones being victimized are aware of the wrong or not, it still our obligation as the enlightened community, to maintain a proper course of being in all regard by our directive of state.

This duty each of us owes to all others arises from moral, social, domestic, and personal obligations imposed by our internal mechanism of conscience. It is from this common law in the awakened sense of duty, of fairness, and of the need to protect innocent people from the consequence of their own weakness and ill-circumstance of lives, that the cause of action against unjust enrichment was created by our courts as a social obligation.

With this in mind let us here proceed with the entirety of the Plan of what we are to accomplish as agreed to in advance as one proposed idea, to remodel the Social Contract of The United States, of its many separate parts of Agendas, (To Be Completed As One United Action like The Bill of Rights,) with and by our proposed agenda here-forth described.

Our objective here is to bring all the people and the environment of the entire nation under The Protection of the New Covenant of our Enacted Social Contract, (as will take everyone united in the common purpose to do it,) of what our government needs to do, and ought to be doing, in the timely future of its legislation, To Correct the many Errors of State that we surely face and obviously so, and to ensure a decent future collectively for everyone present composing The United States. 

We stand to the premise that Government Should Exist To Serve The Needs of The Collective Will of The Populous and it is important for everyone to think in those terms, and that we all work on the Government Reconstruction Together as a Collective Project in labor to the common good and to think of Government as our personal obligation (as we would care for our own homes and family) in duty  to care for in that way, and to take care of it in the right way, with nothing being left to chance.

Here are the proposed Agendas of State to be enacted set-forth with practical understanding:

Native American Indian Resolution - The 28th Amendment

1.  We are To Restore the Integrity of The Indigenous Sovereignty to The Native American Indians as a first priority In Grateful Acknowledgement to The Native American Indians and In Issue of National Honor and To Be Forevermore Resolved In Permanent Resolution, as Primary Foundation to The Nation of The United States of America that was created to the soil of The Homelands of The Indigenous Native American Indian Nation Tribes, and as They Exist as a Federation, that a Treaty Covenant of Native American Indian Sovereignty and Heritage, is to exist in enduring and mutual respect between The United States Government and The Great North American Indian Tribal Federation on a permanent basis.

a.  And to the honoring of The Indigenous North American Indians, who are to be so accorded The Vested Primacy of The Indigenous Sovereign here to the soil and territory of The United States proper, as such Treaty Covenant is set down to be described as: The Great North American Indian Sovereignty Covenant Treaty Agreement; of Permanent Constitutional Record in mandate of Mutual Compact, it is agreed that this Covenant is forever to exist between the two separate and lawfully abiding Nations constituting of The People of The Native American Indian Federation and Their Tribal Nations, and of The People of The United States of America and Its Government, inclusive and intertwined of one another as they stand, in Shared Territorial Arrangement and Influence Defined, as to the stating of Dual Sovereignty Arrangement in agreement unto The Heartlands of The Native American Indians, and unto the established Territory of The American People and their Government The United States, as they are mutually destined in permanently binding arrangement to co-exist intertwined extensively to and among one another in residing.  
    
And that of such Treaty Covenant that is also separately to exist in permanently binding agreement between The United States Government and each of the individual States of The Union, with Each of The Indigenous Sovereign Native American Indian Tribal Nations residing on their restricted Reservations currently to such respective State’s Jurisdictions.

b.  And that such Treaty Arrangement is to be acknowledged in the presence of The Spirit Of Great Father, in earnest display apparent on the part of The American Nation, to state of a Formal Declaration Of Indigenous Native American Indian Sovereignty and Heritage to be so described and accorded to The Native Indian Federation and Specifically To Each of Its Sovereign Tribal Nations, Respecting of Their inherent and vested interest to the time-immemorial Homelands of Their Heritage and to Their Established Territories defined in longstanding definition to the soil of America.  Who are abiding in friendship and in peaceful harmony of co-existence with The Nation of The American People, as It is so stated and defined of Its Territory and Inherent Purpose of Justice and Fairness in National Standard predisposed, and as it is occupied in reasoning of The Sovereign in name to The United States Government and Its People.

c.  To whom, The Native American Indians, that as it is accorded them The Residing and Accredited Position of Honor as The Ascendant Sovereign here above The American Government and Its Respective Peoples in protocol, that Due Respect is as well to be accorded of such acknowledgement to specify for The Honoring of The Religious Ways of The Native Americans, as a part of the arrangement, in acknowledgement to Their Faith of Respect, and Reverence, and Cherishment, for, “All Things,” Living and Sentient, to include The Inanimate by that word, To Be Sentient, and to Their Understanding of The Ways of Creation, that “All Things” Exist as Mind-Thought in The Unity of The Mind of The Great Creator Spirit, Who Created All There Is, and to the certain knowledge that Everything To Be Conceived, Is All “One Thing,“ Created from The Thought of The Creator and that Each Thing Is Comprised Of The Creator’s Own Thought and Purpose of Intellect and Emotion In Design In The Creator’s Own Self-Image To Be, of such Individual and Diverse Manifest Representations.  
    
d.  And that All Creation, of All of The Life abounding and concerning The Purposes To Exist of The Inanimate, Is To Be Held Sacred and Regarded with Respect in Cherishment, To Be Always Mindful Of and To Be Always Careful With, and to the aspect of Reverence thought about.  That as such is to be incorporated into the framework included in the hearts and minds and in the attitude and in orientation of The American People towards the environment and towards the ways of the life of nature concerning our respect for The United States which we live in eternally as guests in spirit of The Native American Indian Faith and To Their Soil So Reasoned, Held Sacred.  
    
e.  Which is important to The Nation of The United States of America and Its Respected People to observe in their Covenant Agreement with The Native Indians, that Their Religion Be So Honored in The Presence of Great Father Spirit and accorded with the utmost Respect here in acknowledgement incorporated to The Framing Ethos of The American Nation, of The Religion of The Native Americans, that is an inherent part of Their Culture and Upbringing, and for their ways of Communal Religious Faith so to be honored among The American People,.

f.  And as to specific to inclusion of the Indigenous Sovereign Lands once belonging in their outright state to the various Native American Indian Tribes, that those Sovereign Territories be depicted to all Federal and State Maps of The United States coextensively and that The Native American Indian Federal be granted equal rightful ownership in all existing State and Federal Lands exclusive of the arrangement with them of dual possession to the land, and with specific wording of:  All Available Lands both Public and Private, In Spirit, to be returned, as once belonging to them outright, and so to remain that way as agreed on in perpetuity.  So worded.

War On Drugs

 2. Undertake the War On Drugs as a real War of deadly intent upon America and upon American Lives at stake for its sure resolution under conflict.  And to understand that these drugs and dangerous chemicals in the unmitigated hands of those who commit the crime of treason to traffic in and to wield them as weapons in terror upon the American Population, are responsible for the mass murder of Americans and to the infliction of deadly harm upon the population and our society in the terms of their generate crime and corruption.  This is to be accomplished by these methods.

a.  Decriminalizing Drug and Substance Abuse for the casual addicted users and render the matter as a Medical Issue to be handled by Quarantined Detoxification Rehabilitation.

b.  Rendering the Intervention for the Growing, Producing, Refining, and Smuggling Trafficking of Illegal Drugs and Banned Chemical Substances, and to their use as Weaponry against the lives of innocent Americans, into the hands of The United States Military operating under Central Command for remedy by Intercession of Martial Law upon the whole of the United States and its Territories of Interest with unlimited Search and Destroy Warrants based to Obviousness of Suspicion and to be Tried by Military Tribunals for Summary Judgment and Immediate Execution.

c.  And among other measures against any Organized Crime Occurring and concerning the ongoing state of war in such concern requiring the use of Military Force To Curtail in the interests of the Public Safety in stern warning.  It is so stated to be worded, that any and all major type involvement in conspiracy to the category of Opium-Heroin and other Illegal Drugs and Controlled Substances, to any part of their, growing, producing, refining, manufacturing, smuggling transportation, and trafficking, and to any conspiracy involvement in the matter most gravely worded to any foul-play occurring in conjunction with the trafficking in Narcotics and other Illegal Drugs and Controlled Substance Chemicals, or gravely worded with regards to any Drug-Chemical Warfare Sabotage occurring against innocent American Lives as victims, with such Drugs and Controlled Substance Chemicals in peril of deadly harm and detriment to The American Public in subversive design, be such subversive sabotage publicly en masse perpetrated or privately conducted, or to there existing any other aspect of criminality directly occurring that is associated to or in connection to Drugs and Controlled Substances, in nature of criminal war-faring aggression with being perpetrated en masse for racial or ethnically motivated crime, or to foreign national plots so formulated conceived, by the means of Drugs and Controlled Substances to attack The American Nation and Its People, or to any other clandestine motives of such attack, so as to being perpetrated privately or publicly against The People of The  United States of America in concept of overthrow of The United States for Criminal Motive or for any other Motive, in the use of Drugs and Controlled Substance Chemicals as weapons to such ends, that it is so hereby rendered and Constitutionally worded, that such offenses are to be remanded to The High Crime of Treason, and subject to Capital Punishment for the offense.

d.    Be it so further noted, that a State of Conditional War, until it is abated, is ever to exist with and be waged in intervention to against any Foreign Government of The Earth that is engaged in the conduct of Illegal and Clandestine Drug Trafficking or Controlled Substance Chemicals Operations Smuggling into this Nation, as to, growing, producing, refining, manufacturing, smuggling and trafficking activities, being actively and in sustained measure engaged in, regardless of their existing any direct Foreign Government Involvement with such high crimes or no, to do with the harboring and non-intervention of such criminal activities resulting in the exportation/smuggling and trafficking into The United States of any Drugs or Controlled Substance Chemicals, to exist in grave peril in detriment to The People of The United States and effecting the overall Security of The Nation withal, in jeopardy of the lives at stake of innocent American Citizenry, and for our Nation’s children’s sake in prevention, and to do with the aspect of premeditated Drug-Chemical Warfare sabotage in design of perpetration to food and beverages and by atmospheric contamination incidentally associated to drug use, handling, or trafficking, or deliberately perpetrated by atmosphere, resulting in the physical maiming incapacitation of any American or in the psychiatric jeopardy of detriment against American Lives in issue.  And which Drug-Chemical Warfare is henceforth so classified to be regarded in the same category as Conventional Military Chemical Warfare Weaponry, and to what that such exigency of War Clause Action is deemed necessary to preclude. 
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FDR's economic program was called "The New Deal".

The New Deal was the title that United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to a sequence of programs he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of giving relief to the poor, reform of the financial system, and recovery of the economy during The Great Depression.

The "First New Deal" of 1933 aimed at short-term recovery programs for all groups. The Roosevelt administration promoted or implemented: banking reform laws, emergency relief programs, work relief programs, and agricultural programs.

A "Second New Deal" (1935–36) included: union protection programs, the Social Security Act, and programs to aid tenant farmers and migrant workers. The Supreme Court ruled several programs unconstitutional; however, some parts of these were soon replaced, with the exception of the National Recovery Administration).

Several New Deal programs remain active with some still operating under the original names, including the: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The largest programs still in existence today are the Social Security System and Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

"The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those that have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little".

Let's consider that and compare it with the attitudes we hear far too often today.
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Economic Resolution

The Fiat Money Bill

It is abundantly clear to us all that our modern day Government needs more Income Revenues in
Public Responsibility to maintain itself than it is capable of taking-in under basic Supply and
Demand GNDP Taxation.  And it is also clear that we cannot continue to incur untenable and catastrophic Nation Debt to inadequately supply this Fiscal Deficit Yearly Shortfall.  To what, that “Fiat Issue,” based upon the Full Faith in integrity of The United States and Its Amassed Wealth and Resources, and Issued Directly from the U.S. Treasury is the only Logical Solution.

Full Faith Certificate Issue to meet the needs of our Government and to Provide for the Public Well-Being; is to be respected in Sound Economic Recovery Policy, as “Legitimate Currency,” to augment any Federal Deficit Budget Shortfall; to meet Federal Payroll Necessities, Provide Work for the Nation’s Unemployed, Fund for Disaster Relief, and for other Emergency Crisis Issues affecting; Education, the Environment, and U.S. Agriculture, and is to Augment failing City and State Budgets in their own regard in yearly contingency.  Fiat Issue is not designed to replace “Hard Currency,” for the purchase of Goods and Services in the Private Sector; that is derived from the Nation’s Gross National/Domestic Product Taxation, GNDP; to what the Value of our U.S. Dollars is configured.  Hard Currency is to be used in all U.S. money transactions with Private Sector Contractors, Foreign Governments, and for the Repayment of our National Debt.  Sound Economic Analysis calculates that 1/4 (One Forth) of the Nation’s yearly Budget can be replaced with Full Faith Fiat Issue without harm to the Value of the Dollar; (and that will be “Reabsorbed,” back into the Federal, State, and Municipal Treasuries by taxation to further “Strengthen” our U.S. Budgetary Future;) and as well as to provide Needed Economic Stimulus.

a. We, acting together as a Nation, are to therefore Draft and Initiate an Immediate Resolution by Legislative Order for the Timely Use of Full Faith Certificate Issue to meet these needs in crisis. 

b. In furthering the conditions in requirement to the use of Fiat Issue Currency Generation, to be issue directly from The U.S. Treasury, it is also to be reasoned that in order to promote the general well-being and to preclude runaway inflation as a result, termed Hyper-Inflation, occurring by the regular and periodic release of Primary Issue Currency, named Full Faith Certificate, that The Nation’s Federal Reserve is to establish and to maintain in regulation by its Policy Directives Enforced, to The Federalized Standardization of The Wage/Price Index.  

c. This measure is to be conducted and carried out by strict and binding Federally Mediated Arbitration in the year to year, conditioned to regulate and stabilize The Nation‘s Wages, by uniform parity agreement based to The Federal Government’s (GS) General Schedule Wage Standards, to cover Every Worker In America, and else way by special arrangement of Union Negotiated Wage Scales specifically conducted, to set the yearly wages for each category of employment to exist in America, in index of The Prevailing Wage Standards of The Federal Government, to be set and monitored for to coincide with each sector of private employment categories.  Prevailing Wages for each Job Description to exist are to be posted by The United States Department of Labor, which is to be charged with the responsibility for enforcement.

d. This measure in condition is also to regulate for a Fair Price Index Agreement, [To Be Named In Federal Government Terms of Safeguarding The Public Well-Being under the Classification of, “Imminent Domaine;”] to concern with Government Supervision to every Cost Essential Necessity To Survival of the Public Purview in the critical and necessary interests of the public need, to do with; Food, Shelter, clothing, Fuel, Transportation, Household Necessities, Vital Utilities Services, Insurance, (in particular), Medical and Dental Services, (in particular), and other necessary Cost Essentials.  And what does not specify for any luxury items to be included.  The Price Indexing to these Cost of Living Essentials are To Be Regulated by yearly Mediation as with the Wage Index, in similar cognition; as Telecommunications, Public Utilities, The Postal Service, and Public Transportation Services Are Monitored, and conceived to have License To Operate, “In The Public Interest,” under Federal Government Supervision.

e. These matters in Wage/Price Regulation are Not To Be Confused with the idea of “Socialism” or “Communism;” but to the meaning of Fair Trade Capitalism of a Free World Economy; that excludes to potential and the expression of Exploitation of any form to occur; whether it be to the Wages Paid to Workers in order for them to survive the Cost of Living, or to the Pricing of the Goods and Services to what that this Survival Depends.  These matters are emphatically stated.

f. It needs to be understood in this context that our modern day and aggressive society cannot endure to survive in the total context of its arrangement without Government Regulations to exist over the entirety of the public demeanor.  For instance:  Traffic Lights, Stop Signs, Speed Limits, and other Rules of the Road set in place to prevent chaos and to protect and the rights and the safety of the public from otherwise irrational persons; and as are other Government Regulations that cannot be disputed such as; Airport Security and other Mass Transportation Security, that are otherwise necessary and accepted Government Regulations over the public conduct that are  set in place for the public good, and deemed necessary to the overall public safety.  And the list goes-on concerning the Regulations; of the Environmental Protection Agency for Clean Air, Water, and Soil, in the concern to the overall Environment, for the health and well- being of Animal and Aquatic Life, and the Vegetation, and as well for the sake of Human Life in the vital interests for the Public’s Health; as with The Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The Federal Aviation Administration regarding Air Safety to prevent midair collisions is another undisputed Necessary Regulatory Agency. And as well as with the Penal and Civil Laws that are set in Place to Protect the Public from Criminals, and for the Department of Homeland Defense to Terrorism.

g. So, it is to be understood in this context, that Regulations over the Survival of the Public Good, such that are Set In Place in concern for Well Ordered Arrangement of our entire U.S. Economy, concerning to How The United States Economy is to function on into its future, as a Government of the People, by the People, and for the People, are necessary To Prevent One Element of Society from Taking Advantage over another Segment in the matters of Survival.

h. A clean and respectful Model Society is what is ordered for to occur here in our America.  That cannot remain on to be the way it is in an Anarchy of Economic Free-For-All Laissez Faire Upper Class Dominated Economics; with the Lower Class suffering in dominatingly imposed ideology being ruled over and subordinated over by the moneyed elite in ruthless exploitation. Fair Trade, Non-Exploitative, Good Old Fashioned American Capitalism,” Is What We Need Here; although, the term "Old Fashioned" is a polite rallying colloquialism and does not apply.

United States Moral Code

4.  The Moral Code of The United States is always to remain permanently established to the cherished and familiar National Standards in intent of The Christian Moral Values in display unto which this Nation was founded, and which continue in determination of The American Tradition in those regards, adhering to The Family Foundation of Strong National Stability, and to the stance of discouraging promiscuity and lascivious, as otherwise immoral public display of conduct resulting in the immoral degeneracy of the public at large, overpopulation, social deprivation, child abuse from unwanted pregnancies resulting, and to unholy abortion practice in these times, to be eliminated and replaced by the stabilizing promotion of strong family reinforcing values of parenthood and in support of the work ethic, and to proper sexual conduct, publicly displayed, to be manifested henceforth as The National Social Policy.

a.  Unequivocally it is also to be understood in National Moratorium of Constitutionally Mandate, concerning the status of Depraved Immorality present here to this Nation, as concerns, The Organization, Production, Pandering, Distribution, and Sales, of Smut-Pornography, and as concerns Organized Prostitution, in morally degenerate orientation and in detriment of moral and subversive peril to The People and resulting in the break-down of The Family Unity in stability of The United States, and for our Nation’s Children’s sake for their proper nurturing in well-being, and as effects The Security of The Nation in undermine of instability, that these issues are not permitted further to exist here in The United States in stand of principle.

b.  That no demonstrations of lewd, immoral, licentious, vulgar, profane prurient behavior, and nor to any open public displays, as to public bathing or else-way, or to media orientation displays depicted by film, television, or printed materials of any kind, or through other media types or theatrical performances promoted, or as by film, video depiction of indecent pornographic exposure or otherwise prurient behavior of lewd sexual content, to include for the INTERNET in these times, as being visible to the public eye in criteria of offense, which are furthermore not allowed in being permitted here to The Jurisdiction and Territory of The United States.

c.  And as what in National Standard of Categorical Criteria of Decency is to prohibit also any graphic live enacting of real or portrayed depictions of sex with animals and abhorrent violence and cruelty of torture trill killing known in the Pornography Industry as “Snuff Films.”  

d.  The Human Fetus is to be defined as a Living Human Being to be protected by The United States Constitution in all matter except as defined for cases of; Rape, Statutory Rape, Incest, Birth Defect, and/or to Protect and Preserve the Life of the Mother, or her Sanity.

e.  The Mercy of Euthanasia is to be permitted when all know recognition of Human Life and/or Cognitive Intelligence is absent, and as not to be kept alive in a vegetative state.

The Bureau Of Jobs

 5.     -----Section 1:  In keeping to America’s Commitment To Provide a Fair and Well Regulated Economy, affirming The Right To Life Supportive and Gainful Livelihood Provided to Each Person residing in the jurisdiction of The United States of America, As A Fundamental Right in The Fortress of National Foundation, whether they be classified as U.S. Citizens or otherwise as Legal Alien Status, that a Bureau of Employment is to be henceforth established to be managed under the Supervision and Enforcement Directorship of The U.S. Department of Labor.  

     Which Bureau of Employment is to be sponsored for in faith to the major funding required for this project by The Issuance of Special Fiat Monetary Full Faith Certificate in Work Barter Arrangement of sound economic measure as required in Special Emergency Contingency Issuance to the offset of any private taxation short-fall occurring to the successful fulfillment of Providing Full Quality Employment Capacity and life supporting care to The Nation’s People in criteria  in return for The Vital and Necessary Public Services to be rendered in Barter Relief to the behalf of The Nation’s Unemployed and Underemployed in Government Responsibility. 

     This measure is to provide comprehensive sustainable employment assurance guarantee to every unemployed and underemployed person residing here in The United States that is an issue in conscience to be categorically resolved on a permanent basis, in remedy to the longstanding grievance of chronic unemployment to exist occurring to a high percentage of the population involving the primary survival of the population at large that has been left unresolved to date. 

     These individuals are immediately to be provided with full-time sustaining employment in income based in standard as are currently set for The Employees of The Federal Government under Government General Schedule, or GS, pay scale rates for each category of occupation to exist and for comparable government terms of benefits and working conditions to be met in the providing of Public Works Projects and Government Service Contract Work in every field of government involvement needing additional workforce to optimize effectiveness, in Make Work Contingency of Provision, to be made available on demand to the public regard as needed.      

     -----Section 2:  It is as well resolved, that The National Standard patterning in model based upon The Standards of The Federal Government’s General Schedule Wage Rates and Benefits Agreement, henceforth to be known as The Federal Standard, is to apply also in guideline to the broad spectrum of America’s Private Sector Workforce concerning a Fair Wage and Benefits Agreement to be rendered for the behalf of all Private Sector Employment.  That is henceforth to be designed to be set to The Federal Standard Agreement for parity regarding pay rates and benefits provided to be uniformly standardized as The Nation’s Minimum Wage and Benefits Agreement for those categories of jobs based according To The Federal Government’s own criteria, as to job classification wage scale rates being based to The General Schedule Wage Agreement for each comparable category of employment, and for Government Established Benefits Arrangement to be equally and uniformly provided to every worker of The United States throughout the private sector.  And what is to apply for The Government’s Established Code of Ethics concerning appropriate Working Conditions to be patterned accordingly as for; Safety Issues, Overtime Pay, Sick Pay, Personal Leave Time, Maternity Leave, and The Observance of all Government Paid Holidays to be Nationally Standardized to be Honored.

     And to note that as The Federal Government Workers Labor Contract is negotiated in the year to year, that any changes made for the Government Workforce in accordance with the economic necessities of the times to the behalf of The Government Service Workers Contract, that such changes will apply as well unilaterally throughout The Private Economy also vigorously applied. 

     -----Section 3:  In emergency measure, the security of all domestic industry employment is to be formidably protected, by outright Legal Restrictions Prohibiting Foreign Trade where necessary and by Rigid Tariff Controls, so as to protect the basic and fundamental right of our Nation’s Workforce, To Work, from any unnecessary and unfair foreign rivalry competition to the production and manufacture of U.S. domestic goods and products, which would adversely affect the survival of our domestic industries and corporations and undermine the basic integrity of survival for The U.S. Population of Its Workforce needing such employment to survive.  And which is to specify importantly to The Protection of our U.S. Agriculture Agri-Businesses.             

     -----Section 4:  That all Emergency-Relief, Welfare/Workfare Agreement, of temporary relief condition situation on stand-by to full-time employment, as pending full-time employment placement with The Bureau of Jobs, or otherwise for hardship matter or illness occurring of lingering duration, that such employment is also to be based upon The Federal Government’s General Schedule Standard, GS, Guidelines of comparable wage scale remuneration for services rendered for comparable work, and to terms of Federal Standard working conditions to be met.

     And what is to stipulate also, and in all regards of Government Service Created and Workfare Assigned Employment, that Appropriate Work Job Classification Employment Assigning is to be provided in caring regard to each recipient, befitting of each recipient’s character in background, as to; age seniority, education, work history, job training, and skills, for compatible placement.

Health Education and Welfare

 6.  As regards the Nation’s stature in fundamental care for Its Citizenry abiding, concerning the priority necessities of Health, Education, and Welfare in The United States, and contingent to Special Fiat Issue Full Faith Certificate Priority in guarantee of Financial Subsidies withstanding to meet with all foundation necessities of expense, it is so worded in stipulation,  :       

a.  That each person residing in America, regardless of citizenship status, is to be provided The Right in full reassurance of Basic Health and Dental Care Coverage Guarantee, regardless of anyone’s personal ability to finance.  And otherwise that all persons having ample income resources to finance such Basic Health Care are to be provided coverage by a not for profit Government Managed National Health Care Plan to be financed for through their Federal Internal Revenue Service, I.R.S., payroll deductions in full utilization of the entire U.S. population base at minimum expense to each taxpayer based to a fluctuating scale, increasing with yearly income, of deductions based upon their income.

b.  That all of The Nation’s Hospitals and Medical Service Providers, to include Medical and Dental Physician’s Services in The United States are hereby in effect Nationalized, as rendered to be under The Imminent Domain in Jurisdiction of The United States Department Of Health, and are thusly specified to operate Not For Unfair Profit, entrusted to the care and safekeeping of ethical propriety, and such to be strictly managed for the purposes of the Public Welfare In Trust, concerning the prioritized seriousness of the health and well-being of the people entrusted to their care of these services, and otherwise of the life and death issues involved regarding The National Health Care status of the public regard, which cannot withstand corruption nor to tolerate for any blatant idea of profiteering price gouging to occur in further extortion to these matters for the sake of life.

c.   The Right To Basic Education is also ensured to every person in The United States in affording everyone the opportunity of being able to obtain a basic standard education, of primary and secondary education criteria, and beyond to be provided for as well with ample tuition subsidy, to attend Trade Schools, or Public Universities regardless of personal ability to finance.

d.   The Right to Emergency Survival Relief Necessity, to basic shelter, clothing, and food subsidy shall be maintained in the public regard, and is guaranteed to each person in America through The U.S. Department of Social Services, regardless of citizenship, as a fundamental Human Rights Issue.

e.  In concern for the welfare of the children of this Nation whose lives are in jeopardy of financial hardship, and as concerns the practice of abortion as well on financial hardship issue, it is also and importantly so noted for in this section, that emergency contingency and sustained financial and medical support in relief for pregnant females shall be provided and maintained in priority basis through the auspices of The U.S. Social Services Department, in upholding any pregnant female’s need of public assistance in such times, for pre-natal support and for early childhood development care on a special and mandatory priority basis of concern for the good and well-being of such expectant mothers and their child, in special recognition to each child‘s critical prenatal care and early formative development, to the ensuring of critical support of mothering females and their offspring in nurturing.

And that such regard for the sanctity of life of the unborn and developing infants and in concern for the health and well-being of their mothers is considered vital to the integrity of The Nation, and that such measure is undertaken for the enduring good of The Nation as well in the ensuring of sound mental and physical health of the population and to the providing of quality citizenship for a Democracy of Excellence on into the future for The Common Good.

f.    That ample grant subsidies for The Arts, Theater, Literature, and Music are also to be generously provided for and maintained in the sophisticated tradition of our Nation’s Culture as well to The People’s behalf.  And that ample financing is to be ensured through the auspices of The United States Government in support to finance the advancement of necessary Scientific and Medical Research and for other types of Vital Research considered.  So worded.

Pollution Remedy

 7.  The United States is to purpose in immediate and enduring character of permanency, The National Agency of The Federal Pollution Control and Monitor Authority, to be managed under the strict supervision and directives of The National Environmental Protection Agency.

And of what Federal Agency that is to be funded in part or entirely as mandated for in absolute necessity by the monetary issuance of special prioritized Full Faith Certificate Fiat Monetary Generation.  That is to function of its use here to provide for critical pollution remedy and control monitoring regarding the health and safety of the population and the for the protection of the overall environment from irreversible damage in emergency contingency, as all special prioritized Full Faith Certificate to be rendered by Congress in legal tender is arranged to do.  Furthermore, the goals that This Nation faces in challenge to meet of Its daily necessities and emergency crisis situations in social obligations, lie far beyond and have a far great value than the source of the money, soundly reasoned, and the quibbling over money, needed to fund for The Critical Programs of State in benefit to The Earth, The Nation, and Its People, to be reckoned for.  Life and The Quality of All Life are the issues here.

a.    All nuclear hazard of a catastrophically destructive nature is to be permanently safeguarded within the jurisdiction of The United States and Its Territories abroad, and concerning to the rest of The Earth in U.S. Policy Influence in mandate to be so abolished forthwith also, with urgency to be accomplish in a sustained and unilateral disarmament, concerning all nuclear weapons of mass destruction, and which is to specify for any types of gas-chemical and biological weapons of mass destruction to exist as well which are such to be abolished.  And for which matters that The United States and all of Its Allies Abroad could ethically never make use of and ultimately who would never have the intention of ever using.

To what reality concerning that the continuing on of such stockpiling of these bizarre weapons of total and irreconcilable mass destruction of The Earth, effecting in severest outcome of catastrophic detriment to the biosphere and to the destruction of The Earth’s Population in The Interests of Our Nation’s Defense, is pointless in an absurd way of concerned judgment to such matter, and is as such to be forthrightly and permanently discontinued.

Furthermore, in banning the enduring hazard of nuclear radio-active material currently in use for nuclear power generation, and for medical radiation treatment, and concerning for any nuclear research being conducted with such material, it is so ordered as well at this time to be phased out and discontinued of its use as urgently required as is feasible.  And that all urgency of dire concern is to be conducted to the removal and safe disposal and containment of all contaminated radio-active waste material and to its permanent safe repository in an environmentally secure location into the future.
    
Capital Grant Funding is as well to be made available with urgency for research and technology to sponsor in the development of alternate clean and efficient energy sources of solar, wind, and hydro power, and to development of clean energy synthetic fuels.

b. The Ecology of The United States and subsequently of The Earth is to be ensured absolute protection within the jurisdiction of The United States and Its Dominions of Territory and Influence.  Wildlife and Flora Species of Life are to be furnished Sanctuary Ideal in their natural settings of The Nation’s National, State Parks Lands, and Oceanic Preserves, and otherwise of lands held in private trust interest of an environmentally and ecologically sensitive nature that are to be established and preserved in safeguard of eminent domain status of soundly reasoned Ecological and Environmental Necessity In The National Interest as required.  
    
And of what ideal is to be globally rendered of influence in such regard and respect for any endangered wildlife habitat and flora preservation necessary to the biosphere.  And in all regard that all manner in kind of endangered species of wildlife and flora life are to be secured from extinction and the biosphere of The Planet provided complete and enduring protection in absolute trust in ethical provision to the coexisting arrangement of suitable habitat and environment for all forms of life.

c.  There is no greater social contract to fulfill than to safeguard, in context of absolute security, for the life abounding of The Earth’s Biosphere and Its Habitation, as we as a society in ethical name have a responsibility for, and to ensure the health and well-being of the people and to the ultimate survival of all life in permanency for the long future ahead to come.  And which is beyond the concept of mere money to accomplish.

United States Humane Standards

 8.  In keeping faith to the ideals for which this Nation stands, a National Standard of Humane Rights Resolution is hereby defined and enforced for The Protection of Every Species of Animals In Safekeeping under the domain of jurisdiction of The United States in character from Cruel and Inhumane Treatment.  To be such instated in working order of our National Ethos in respectful and mindful caring for the other forms of life to exist here and for The National Good in conscience as a Moral Nation in obligation and for the behalf of the emotional composure and general integrity in well-being of the population in mind.

a.  This Humane Standard Imperative in prevention of cruelty to animals is particularly to note and to specify in this era in moral judgment against all torment to research animals of industrial toxicity research and inhumane medical research occurring, to be strongly denounced in the timely censure concerning the plight and suffering of these animals.

b.  And is as well to state for a condition of benevolent care to be provided to this Nation’s livestock and particularly in regard to those animals destined for slaughter, that they be treated respectfully, and is to contain an agreement with The Congress for the perpetual sheltering of a certain portion of our domestic farm livestock species from slaughter in The National Interest, that is to be carried out and conducted through the auspices of The U.S. Department of Agriculture in gesture of Benevolent Agrarian Subsidized Husbandry provided.

c.  The Humane Rights Resolution is also to set aside lands to be made available for game and wildlife sanctuary arrangement throughout The United States and especially concerning the establishment of perpetual refuge wilderness sanctuary areas for endangered species to flourish under government management in mandate on into the enduring future of The United States of America.

d.  And from all other manner of cruelty in inhumane treatment are the animals of This Nation to be so permanently cared for and afforded our enduring protection, shelter, and safe-keeping, by Humane Decree.

Civil Law Reform

 9.  The Seventh Amendment defining, Civil Law, is hereby clarified of its ambiguity of Rights, pursuant to the wording of The Ninth Amendment retaining All Rights of The Constitution to the people, in that All Rights of Due Process of Law inherent to the workings of The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments to The U. S. Constitution are to be accorded the same foundation of legal integrity concerning the framework of Civil Law in insurance of safeguard for The Rights of The People as they pertain for their Civil Liberties.  In Specification:

a.  That anyone duly acquitted and found innocent of a crime under the statutes of Penal Law cannot therefore under any circumstances be retried for the same crime under Civil Law, (or to be twice tried for the same crime under Federal Jurisdiction,) in accordance with The Rights of The Fifth Amendment.

b.  The Fifth Amendment stipulation that no person: “shall be compelled in any criminal case to be witness against himself,” is hereby clarified to stipulate for and to include for any non-criminal Civil Law matters as they pertain to self-incrimination, and as well is to extend and to guarantee The Right Against Self Incrimination to persons from being compelled to so testify against themselves, in penalty of monetary fine or incarceration, before convened Congressional Committee Hearings and Grand Jury proceedings, and is to preclude inquiries in mandatory disclosure in direct questioning of self-incrimination testimony, to the aspect of the questioning itself, in all regard whether Penal or Civil, Congressional Committee, or by Congressional Authority of Government Agencies.

c.  That The Medical Terminology Technicality of Mental Hygiene Psychiatric Law that falls under the heading of Civil Law, Two Physician Consent, 2PC, Commitment Procedure, on Medical Grounds, in that no crime has been committed under Mental Hygiene Law to be charged for and thereby to be accorded the protective safeguards of Miranda Rights Legislation to be prosecuted for and processed fairly for under The Constitutional Rights accorded to Criminal Penal Law Legal System under the protection in Rights To The People, of The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments to The U.S. Constitution, and reinforce by the protection of The Miranda Legislation, is hereby clarified of Its Civil Law Constitutional Rights, in meaning to have the same Rights of Due Process as are and have been established under Penal Law, in guarantee to the people of:

The Right to have a clear definition of a Formal Psychiatric Charge being present in grounds for anyone to be labeled for and to have any specified medical psychiatric condition, or for the offense of irrational behavior labeling being levied against an individual, and in grounds thereby for any psychiatric evaluation process mental illness labeling to be attached to anyone, or for any process of Two Physician Consent, 2PC, Psychiatric Commitment Procedure to be conducted.  And that such definition of charge is also to precede any Court or Government Agency Order for the disclosure of personal and private psychiatric history records to be produced.

The Right to The Fourth Amendment guarantee of privacy in regard of doctor patient confidentiality and invoking to The Due Process Right of Probable and Sufficient Cause In Grounds, is to be present and justified to a specific itemized search and disclosure in mandatory request for Specific Information only of any existing psychiatric history records, regarding The Rights of Government Agencies, as for the specified psychiatric history to be scrutinized, to any private request or public government agency order for, or court authority mandatory order for the scrutiny of anyone’s psychiatric medical history records to be revealed.  That is not to be construed by court order or by congressional authority concerning government agencies, to be a total and all intrusive invasive invasion of an individual‘s records history involving The Right To Privacy, but is to be issued only as order for records disclosure pertains selectively and relevant to the specified psychiatric charge of inquiry at hand.
    
The Right to strict legal definition for any psychiatric labeling terms to be applied to anyone.
    
The Right to strict legal determinations based to demonstrated facts of observed and defined behavior, in the presence of any attorney for such alleged psychiatric labeling being attributed in legal attachment of a psychiatric condition or involving psychiatric incarceration to anyone to be valid.
    
The Right to Counsel, to be provided for at government expense if need be, by The Examining Government Agency or by The Court of Jurisdiction, for any alleged psychiatric matter of consequence being attributed to anyone, involving the loss of liberty, property, licensure, employment, or privilege.
    
The Right to have an Attorney present during questioning to any psychiatric examination/evaluation/interrogation, and to be present during psychiatric commitment processing and to any court proceedings.
    
The Right to Remain Silent in presumption of innocence until proven guilty to any psychiatric charge in a bona fide court of law.

The Right to Confrontations of any accusing testimony against the accused in virtue of The Sixth Amendment.
    
The Right to a Jury Trial provided in a timely way in accordance with The Sixth Amendment for any specified psychiatric accusation labeling being imposed, whether involving commitment or not.
    
The Right to clearly established and legally defined medically safe and beneficial therapeutic treatment to be imposed for legitimate psychiatric conditions.
    
The Right to Informed Consent in the presence of legal counsel concerning the discussion and patient awareness of adverse effects, reactions, and harmful side effects in short and long-term use of psychiatric chemicals involved with any psychiatric treatment to occur.

The Right To Refuse Treatment, and Against Forced Treatment on Medical Discretion, in the presence of legal counsel, except in matters As Prescribed By Law to be applied for necessary medical emergency procedure in concern to imminent crisis of hysteria, and for violent and disruptive behavior in being in threat to oneself or others requiring emergency medical treatment in judgment.

The Right against any form, including psychological, of cruel and inhumane treatment to occur, concerning physical, mental, or emotional abuse, to include electro-shock treatment, surgical procedure, and pharmaceutical experimentation, in virtue of The Eighth Amendment.
   
The Right to reasonable and soundly defined Statute of Limitations in established Legal Age Limits for the mandatory disclosure of previous psychiatric condition labeling history records, or to the disclosure of legally carried-out psychiatric commitment history records, based to the nature and severity and to the extent of such psychiatric conditions in legal stipulation and to the length of time of such conditions in interval, to be imposed for mandatory disclosure of records, not to be in excess of a reasonable and prudent time interval regarding the public removal of stigma and liability of such records history; which in most instances is to be worded, to any current treatment for any serious ongoing psychiatric condition, or to within the past three years in age limit concerning The Public Record.

d.  A Uniform Statute of Age Limits pertaining for employment application concerns and to government licensing matters is also to be instated for The History of Criminal Arrests and Convictions Records conveyed under Penal Law depending to the severity and nature of the crimes committed and not to exceed The Statute of Limitation for any crime or offense, if any.  Infractions and Violations are to be absolved from the public record in three years, misdemeanors in five years, and most felony records after a span of ten years, depending on the nature in severity of offense not stipulated for to a greater time interval by a Court Of Law.

e.  It is also worded that no person shall be infringed upon or denied their Vested Right To Voting Citizenship in The United States due to conviction of a Felony Offense after said offense is duly discharged and the person is free and clear of any probation or parole.
    
And in all regard that it is the inherent nature of this Nation in standard of integrity and in principle of fair and humane conscience not to discriminate against any persons and to prevent any such discrimination from occurring.  Which extends as well to the prevention of needless discrimination in bias of prejudice occurring to anyone on account of their prior criminal conviction or psychiatric history in this Nation, as it is deemed reasonable and prudent to dissolve these matters.   
    
And that each person is to have The Right to a Self-Fulfilled Destiny instilled in the reverent promise of hope in opportunity of success and of healing recovery from stigma, and to the actualization of their highest potentials among the population of The United States to the outlook of being deemed and classified as good, solid, useful, and productive citizens in the eyes of society, and in the spirit of good will, without the infringement of bias, discrimination, and alienating prejudice of social stigma and concerning the hardship of sanctions to such records history being permanently attached to anyone in constant reminder of being negatively classified in downgrade of second class inferior citizenship, to be conceived in permanent ruin to their lives, as to stigma of social embarrassment, and with critical jeopardy of their livelihood and well-being affected, being imposed upon them.

American Agriculture

10.  In concern to the critical imperative of National Agricultural Self-sufficiency at issue, of producing and maintaining the capabilities to produce domestically grown commodities in life support to The Nation, and precluding The Nation’s dependency on foreign agricultural markets in homeland security, and in the moral interests of National Conscience regarding the financial integrity and survival of America's Family Farms, and in fiscal contingency to be covered and provided for by The Amendment for Special Fiat Issue Full Faith Certificate Monetary Issuance, as needed:  be it resolved that all United States Basic Agricultural Interests are henceforth to be protected from unfair foreign market competition and afforded in ample guarantee of immediate and sustained economic relief priority of financial subsidy assistance to cover all adverse hardship requirements occurring to our U.S. Domestic Farmers, to specify for U.S. Department of Agriculture soil management crop rotation necessities and overproduction quota restrictions, crop failure due to adverse weather conditions and pestilence, natural disaster relief, and to assure healthy price supports in ample fair market value financial income for their crops, of survival issue to farmers.

a.    These subsidy measures are further to be bolstered in securing our United States Agriculture Interests through the imposing of appropriate outright restrictions on foreign commodities trade and combined with stringent U.S. Tariffs on poaching foreign commodities imports in unfair cheap labor competition with domestically grown crops in protection from undermining foreign markets abroad.

b. Furthermore it is also to be acknowledged that such measures of subsidized support to our U.S. Domestic Farm Industry, is as well to be used in expressed purpose to provide in a fair and appropriate way for the conduct of America’s Necessary Agricultural Employment, regarding Fair Wages, Benefits, and Working Conditions, to be provided to America‘s Farm Workers, to be conducted under the established U.S. Government Standard Wage Rates and to adhere with other formally established rules of conduct in legal guidelines enacted under The Fair Wage and Benefits Amendment with regard to working conditions for farm employment to provide critical support to America‘s hard working and industrious farm labor, and with special concern to the migrant workers hardships they endure in domestic care and support to their families regarding the quality in standards of their housing and to the special education needs of their children ensured.  And withal upon whom that this Nation depends to for its food supply, to ensure for the provisions of adequate financial compensation and ample health and educational benefits resources available in exchange for the vital services to The Nation of these workers.
It is further to be noted in wording, that these matters here discussing the environment which are being spoken for are held in the highest trust and in the utmost regard of scrupulous intent of The Nation to be managed for and conducted properly of accounts, and are to be correctly approached into the future in mature fashion reasoned forth as an enlightened society to be responsible for the ultimate concern to the survival in absolute dependency to the environment and ecology of The Earth, and that need to be safeguarded with integrity by a just government and as a conscientious people of formation and with dedicated zeal of devotion to the highest ideals inherent to the foundation of The American United States of America.







__________________________________________________

National Conference of State Legislatures

 FELON VOTING RIGHTS

1/4/2016

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Background and History
Felons and Disenfranchisement
Categories of Disenfranchisement
Barriers to the Restoration of Rights

Recent State Action

     In 2009, Washington restored the right to vote to felons who completed their sentences, while requiring them to re-register to vote.

     The following information is provided for background information only. NCSL is unable to assist in or offer advice on the restoration of voting rights. We recommend that anyone interested in obtaining specific information on how to regain voting rights contact election officials in the jurisdiction where the person wishes to register and vote.

Background and History

     The idea of taking away a criminal's right to vote has been around since ancient Greece and Rome. A condition called "civil death" in Europe involved the forfeiture of property, the loss of the right to appear in court, and a prohibition on entering into contracts, as well as the loss of voting rights. Civil death was brought to America by English colonists, but most aspects of it were eventually abolished, leaving only felon disenfranchisement intact in some parts of modern America.

Felons and Disenfranchisement

     According to The Sentencing Project, 5.3 million Americans (1 in 40 adults) were unable to vote due to a felony conviction in the 2008 elections. This included 1.4 million African-American men, more than 676,000 women, and 2.1 million ex-offenders who have completed their sentences. 

Categories of Disenfranchisement

     State approaches to felon disenfranchisement vary tremendously. In Maine and Vermont, felons never lose their right to vote, even while they are incarcerated. In Florida, Iowa and Virginia, felons and ex-felons permanently lose their right to vote. Virginia and Florida have supplementary programs which facilitate gubernatorial pardons. The remaining states each have their own approaches to the issue.

     In 38 states and the District of Columbia, most ex-felons automatically gain the right to vote upon the completion of their sentence.

     In some states, ex-felons must wait for a certain period of time after the completion of their sentence before rights can be restored.

     In some states, an ex-felon must apply to have voting rights restored. 

Barriers to the Restoration of Rights

     Even in states where ex-offenders automatically regain the right to vote upon completion of their sentence, the process of re-registering to vote often is difficult. One reason is the complexity of the laws and processes surrounding disenfranchisement. In some cases, it is difficult to determine whose rights can be restored. This can vary in some states according to the date of the crime, the conviction, or the release from prison, or the nature of the crime. The complex restoration process also can be daunting. It often involves lengthy paperwork, burdensome documentation, and the involvement and coordination of several state agencies.

     A second barrier to restoration of voting rights for ex-offenders is the often inconsistent communication among agencies. The methods of communicating the loss and restoration of voting rights among courts, corrections and elections officials are not always reliable, timely or consistent. This inconsistency can result in uneven application of the law, even when the laws are clear. Another barrier is lack of information. Ex-offenders sometimes are not aware that they regain their voting rights automatically upon completion of their sentence. They go through life believing they cannot vote when, in fact, they can. In other cases, they are not informed of the process for regaining their rights or offered assistance in doing so. As long as they remain ignorant of the necessary steps, ex-offenders cannot begin the process of regaining voting rights.

A final obstacle is under-funding of parole boards in some states where offenders must apply to have their rights restored. A massive backlog of applications can exist because the agencies do not have adequate staff or resources to process them in a timely manner.

Recent State Action

     Most--though not all--recent state legislation seeks to expand felon voting rights and ease the process of restoration. Between 1996 and 2008, 28 states passed new laws on felon voting rights.

Seven repealed lifetime disenfranchisement laws, at least for some ex-offenders.

Two gave probationers the right to vote.

     Seven improved data-sharing procedures among state agencies.

Nine passed requirements that ex-offenders be given information and/or assistance in regaining their voting rights at the time they complete their sentence.

     Twelve simplified the process for regaining voting rights, for instance, by eliminating a waiting period or streamlining the paperwork process.

Since 2008:

     In 2009, Washington restored the right to vote to felons who completed their sentences, while requiring them to re-register to vote.

     2011, the Florida Board of Executive Clemency (composed of the governor and three cabinet members) reversed a 2007 policy change that automatically restored voting rights to non-violent offenders upon the completion of their sentence. The new policy requires that all ex-felons wait between five and seven years before applying to regain voting rights. In Iowa, the governor in 2011 reversed an executive order issued in 2005 under the previous governor. The 2005 order automatically restored the voting rights of all ex-felons, but under the 2011 order they will now have to apply to regain rights. In Tennessee, HB 1117 was enacted, adding to the list of felons who will not be eligible to vote again.

The Second Chance Law

That each person residing in the Community of The United States is to have The Right to reasonable and soundly defined Statute of Limitations in established “Legal Age Limits” for the mandatory disclosure of previous psychiatric condition labeling history records, or to the disclosure of legally carried-out psychiatric commitment history records, based to the nature and severity and to the extent of such psychiatric conditions in legal stipulation and to the length of time of such conditions in interval, to be imposed for mandatory disclosure of records, not to be in excess of a reasonable and prudent time interval regarding the public removal of stigma and liability of such records history; which in most instances is to be worded, to any current treatment for any serious ongoing psychiatric condition, or to within the past three years in age limit concerning The Public Record.

d.  A Uniform Statute of Age Limits pertaining for employment application concerns and to government licensing matters is also to be instated for The History of Criminal Arrests and Convictions Records conveyed under Penal Law depending to the severity and nature of the crimes committed and not to exceed The Statute of Limitation for any crime or offense, if any.  Infractions and Violations are to be absolved from the public record in three years, misdemeanors in five years, and most felony records after a span of ten years, depending on the nature in severity of offense not stipulated for to a greater time interval by a Court Of Law.

e.  It is also worded that no person shall be infringed upon or denied their Vested Right To Voting Citizenship in The United States due to conviction of a Felony Offense after said offense is duly discharged and the person is free and clear of any probation or parole.
    
And in all regard that it is the inherent nature of this Nation in standard of integrity and in principle of fair and humane conscience not to discriminate against any persons and to prevent any such discrimination from occurring.  Which extends as well to the prevention of needless discrimination in bias of prejudice occurring to anyone on account of their prior criminal conviction or psychiatric history in this Nation, as it is deemed reasonable and prudent to dissolve these matters.   

    
And that each person is to have The Right to a Self-Fulfilled Destiny instilled in the reverent promise of hope in opportunity of success and of healing recovery from stigma, and to the actualization of their highest potentials among the population of The United States to the outlook of being deemed and classified as good, solid, useful, and productive citizens in the eyes of society, and in the spirit of good will, without the infringement of bias, discrimination, and alienating prejudice of social stigma and concerning the hardship of sanctions to such records history being permanently attached to anyone in constant reminder of being negatively classified in downgrade of second class inferior citizenship, to be conceived in permanent ruin to their lives, as to stigma of social embarrassment, and with critical jeopardy of their livelihood and well-being affected, being imposed upon them.

 

Psychiatric Due Process

 

The Fifth Amendment stipulation that no person: “shall be compelled in any criminal case to be witness against himself,” is hereby clarified to stipulate for and to include for any non-criminal Civil Law matters as they pertain to self-incrimination, and as well is to extend and to guarantee The Right Against Self Incrimination to persons from being compelled to so testify against themselves, in penalty of monetary fine or incarceration, before convened Congressional Committee Hearings and Grand Jury proceedings, and is to preclude inquiries in mandatory disclosure in direct questioning of self-incrimination testimony, to the aspect of the questioning itself, in all regard whether Penal or Civil, Congressional Committee, or by Congressional Authority of Government Agencies.

That The Medical Terminology Technicality of Mental Hygiene Psychiatric Law that falls under the heading of Civil Law, Two Physician Consent, 2PC, Commitment Procedure, on Medical Grounds, in that no crime has been committed under Mental Hygiene Law to be charged for and thereby to be accorded the protective safeguards of Miranda Rights Legislation to be prosecuted for and processed fairly for under The Constitutional Rights accorded to Criminal Penal Law Legal System under the protection in Rights To The People, of The Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments to The U.S. Constitution, and reinforce by the protection of The Miranda Legislation, is hereby clarified of Its Civil Law Constitutional Rights, in meaning to have the same Rights of Due Process as are and have been established under Penal Law, in guarantee to the people of:

The Right to have a clear definition of a Formal Psychiatric Charge being present in grounds for anyone to be labeled for and to have any specified medical psychiatric condition, or for the offense of irrational behavior labeling being levied against an individual, and in grounds thereby for any psychiatric evaluation process mental illness labeling to be attached to anyone, or for any process of Two Physician Consent, 2PC, Psychiatric Commitment Procedure to be conducted. And that such definition of specified charge is also to precede any Court or Government Agency Order for the disclosure of personal and private psychiatric history records to be produced.
 
The Right to The Fourth Amendment guarantee of privacy in regard of doctor patient confidentiality and invoking to The Due Process Right of Probable and Sufficient Cause In Grounds, is to be present and justified to a specific itemized search and disclosure in mandatory request for Specific Information only of any existing psychiatric history records, regarding The Rights of Government Agencies, as for the specified psychiatric history to be scrutinized, to any private request or public government agency order for, or court authority mandatory order for the scrutiny of anyone’s psychiatric medical history records to be revealed.  That is not to be construed by court order or by congressional authority concerning government agencies, to be a total and all intrusive invasive invasion of an individual‘s records history involving The Right To Privacy, but is to be issued only as order for records disclosure pertains selectively and relevant to the specified psychiatric charge of inquiry at hand.
    
The Right to strict legal definition for any psychiatric labeling terms to be applied to anyone,
and to strict legal determinations based to demonstrated facts of observed and defined behavior, in the presence of any attorney for such alleged psychiatric labeling being attributed in legal attachment of a psychiatric condition or involving psychiatric incarceration to be valid.
    
The Right to Counsel, to be provided for at government expense if need be, by The Examining Government Agency or by The Court of Jurisdiction, for any alleged psychiatric matter of consequence being attributed to anyone, involving the loss of liberty, property, licensure, employment, or privilege.
    
The Right to have an Attorney present during questioning to any psychiatric examination/evaluation/interrogation, and to be present during psychiatric commitment processing and to any court proceedings.
    
The Right to Remain Silent in presumption of innocence until proven guilty to any psychiatric charge in a bona fide court of law.

The Right to Confrontations of any accusing testimony against the accused in virtue of The Sixth Amendment.
    
The Right to a Jury Trial provided in a timely way in accordance with The Sixth Amendment for any psychiatric accusation labeling being imposed, whether involving commitment or not.
    
The Right to clearly established and legally defined medically safe and beneficial therapeutic treatment to be imposed for legitimate psychiatric conditions.
    
The Right to Informed Consent in the presence of legal counsel concerning the discussion and patient awareness of adverse effects, reactions, and harmful side effects in short and long-term use of psychiatric chemicals involved with any psychiatric treatment to occur.

The Right To Refuse Treatment, and Against Forced Treatment on Medical Discretion, in the presence of legal counsel, except in matters As Prescribed By Law to be applied for necessary medical emergency procedure in concern to imminent crisis of hysteria, and for violent and disruptive behavior in being in threat to oneself or others requiring emergency medical treatment.

The Right against any form, including psychological, of cruel and inhumane treatment to occur, concerning physical, mental, or emotional abuse, to include electro-shock treatment, surgical procedure, and pharmaceutical experimentation, in virtue of The Eighth Amendment.
    
The Right to reasonable and soundly defined Statute of Limitations in established Legal Age Limits for the mandatory disclosure of previous psychiatric condition labeling history records, or to the disclosure of legally carried-out psychiatric commitment history records, based to the nature and severity and to the extent of such psychiatric conditions in legal stipulation and to the length of time of such conditions in interval, to be imposed for mandatory disclosure of records, not to be in excess of a reasonable and prudent time interval regarding the public removal of stigma and liability of such records history; which in most instances is to be worded, to any current treatment for any serious ongoing psychiatric condition, or to within the past three years in age limit concerning The Public Record.
________________________________________________________________________________

The UNITED STATES Isn’t a Country – It’s a Corporation!

We the People of the United States

Constitution for the united states of America

Adopted July 2, 1788
In effect March 4, 1789

The Preamble

US: $19,230,634,229,070 - Debt as of June 2016‎

United States Of America Is A Corporation Owned By Foreign Interests

1871, February 21: Congress Passes an Act to Provide a Government for the District of Columbia, also known as the Act of 1871.  Since the Act of 1871, which established the District of Columbia, we have been living under the UNITED STATES CORPORATION which is owned by certain international bankers and aristocracy of Europe and Britain.

With no constitutional authority to do so, Congress creates a separate form of government for the District of Columbia, a ten mile square parcel of land (see, Acts of the Forty-first Congress,” Section 34, Session III, chapters 61 and 62).  The act — passed when the country was weakened and financially depleted in the aftermath of the Civil War — was a strategic move by foreign interests (international bankers) who were intent upon gaining a stranglehold on the coffers and neck of America.

Congress cut a deal with the international bankers (specifically Rothschilds of London) to incur a DEBT to said bankers. Because the bankers were not about to lend money to a floundering nation without serious stipulations, they devised a way to get their foot in the door of the United States.

The Act of 1871 [creating The District of Columbia] Congress formed a corporation called THE UNITED STATES. The corporation, OWNED by foreign interests, moved in and shoved the original Constitution into a dustbin. With the Act of 1871, the organic Constitution was defaced — in effect vandalized and sabotage — when the title was capitalized and the word “for” was changed to “of” in the title.

 

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is the constitution of the INCORPORATED UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.  It operates in an economic capacity and has been used to fool the People into thinking it governs the Republic. It does not!

What Congress did by passing the Act of 1871 was create an entirely new document, a constitution for the government of the District of Columbia, an INCORPORATED government. This newly altered Constitution was not intended to benefit the Republic.It benefits only the corporation of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA and operates entirely outside the original (organic) Constitution.

Instead of having absolute and unalienable rights guaranteed under the organic Constitution, we the people now have “relative” rights or privileges. One example is the Sovereign’s right to travel, which has now been transformed (under corporate government policy) into a “privilege” that requires citizens to be licensed.

By passing the Act of 1871, Congress committed TREASON against the People who were Sovereign under the grants and decrees of the Declaration of Independence and the organic Constitution.

The original Constitution drafted by the Founding Fathers read: ‘The Constitution for the united states of America.’ [note that neither the words 'united' nor 'states' began with capital letters] But the CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA is a corporate constitution, which is absolutely NOT the same document you think it is. First of all, it ended all our rights of sovereignty [sui juris]. [And to explain] the HOW, of how the international bankers got their hands on THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.”

“It was also a strategic maneuver by British and European interests (international bankers) intent on gaining a stranglehold on the coffers of America [in the aftermath of the Civil War that was, in fact, “little more than a calculated front with fancy footwork by backroom players.”] And, because Congress knew our country was in dire financial straits, certain members of Congress cut a deal with the international bankers (in those days, the Rothschilds of London were dipping their fingers into everyone’s pie). . . . . There you have the WHY, of why members of Congress permitted the international bankers to gain further control of America. . . . . .

In preparation for stealing America, the puppets of Britain’s banking cabal had already created a second government, a Shadow Government, designed to manage what the common herd believed was a democracy, but what really was an incorporated UNITED STATES. Together this chimera, this two-headed monster, disallowed the common herd all rights of sui juris. [sovereignty] 

Congress, with no authority to do so, created a separate form of government for the District of Columbia, a ten-mile square parcel of land. WHY and HOW did they do so?

Instead of having absolute and unalienable rights guaranteed under the organic Constitution, we the people now have “relative” rights or privileges. One example is the Sovereign’s right to travel, which has now been transformed (under corporate government policy) into a “privilege” that requires citizens to be licensed. 

By passing the Act of 1871, Congress committed TREASON against the People who were Sovereign under the grants and decrees of the Declaration of Independence and the organic Constitution. 

To fully understand how our rights of sovereignty were ended, you must know the full meaning of sovereign: “Chief or highest, supreme power, superior in position to all others; independent of and unlimited by others; possessing or entitled to; original and independent authority or jurisdiction.” –Webster–

In short, our government, which was created by and for us as sovereigns — free citizens deemed to have the highest authority in the land — was stolen from us, along with our rights. Keep in mind that, according to the original Constitution, only We the People are sovereign. Government is not sovereign. The Declaration of Independence says, ”government is subject to the consent of the governed.” That’s us — the sovereigns. When did you last feet like a sovereign?

“Refer to any UNITED STATES CODE (USC). Note the capitalization; this is evidence of a corporation, not a Republic. For example, In Title 28 3002 (15) (A) (B) (C), it is unequivocally stated that the UNITED STATES is a corporation. Translation: the corporation is NOT a separate and distinct entity; it is not disconnected from the government; it IS the government — your government. This is extremely important! I refer to it as the ‘corporate EMPIRE of the UNITED STATES,’ which operates under Roman Civil Law outside the original Constitution. How do you like being ruled by a corporation?

“Our corporate form of governance is based on Roman Civil Law and Admiralty, or Maritime, Law, which is also known as the ‘Divine Right of Kings’ and the ‘Law of the Seas’ — another fact of American history not taught in our schools.  Actually, Roman Civil Law was fully established in the colonies before our nation began, and then became managed by private international law. In other words, the government — the government created for the District of Columbia via the Act of 1871 — operates solely under Private International Law, not Common Law, which was the foundation of our Constitutional Republic.

“This fact has impacted all Americans in concrete ways. For instance, although Private International Law is technically only applicable within the District of Columbia, and NOT in the other states of the Union, the arms of the Corporation of the UNITED STATES are called ‘departments’ –i.e., the Justice Department, the Treasury Department. And those departments affect everyone, no matter where (in what state) they live. Guess what? Each department belongs to the corporation — to the UNITED STATES.

“Refer to any UNITED STATES CODE (USC). Note the capitalization; this is evidence of a corporation, not a Republic. For example, In Title 28 3002 (15) (A) (B) (C), it is unequivocally stated that the UNITED STATES is a corporation. Translation: the corporation is NOT a separate and distinct entity; it is not disconnected from the government; it IS the government — your government. This is extremely important! I refer to it as the ‘corporate EMPIRE of the UNITED STATES,’ which operates under Roman Civil Law outside the original Constitution. How do you like being ruled by a
corporation?

28 U.S. Code § 3002 – Definitions

(15) “United States” means—

(A)  a Federal corporation;

(B)  an agency, department, commission, board, or other entity of the United States; or

(C) an instrumentality of the United States.

“Congress is fully aware of this deception. So it’s time that you, too, become aware of the deception. What this great deception means is that the members of Congress do NOT work for us, for you and me. They work for the Corporation, for the UNITED STATES. No wonder we can’t get them to do anything on our behalf, or meet or demands, or answer our questions.

“Technically, legally, or any other way you want to look at the matter, the corporate government of the UNITED STATES has no jurisdiction or authority in ANY State of the Union (the Republic) beyond the District of Columbia. Let that tidbit sink in, then ask yourself, could this deception have occurred without full knowledge and complicity of the Congress? Do you think it happened by accident? If you do, you’re deceiving yourself. 

“There are no accidents, no coincidences. Face the facts and confront the truth. Remember, you are presumed to know the law. THEY know you don’t know the law or, for that matter, your history. Why? Because no concerted effort was ever made to teach or otherwise inform you. As a Sovereign, you are entitled to full disclosure of all facts. As a slave, you are entitled to nothing other than what the corporation decides to ‘give’ you.

“It doesn’t take a rocket scientist or a constitutional historian to figure out that the U.S. Government has NOT been subject to the consent of the governed since long before you or I were born. Rather, the governed are subject to the whim and greed of the corporation, which has stretched its tentacles beyond the ten-mile-square parcel of land known as the District of Columbia. In fact, it has invaded every state of the Republic. Mind you, the corporation has NO jurisdiction beyond the District of Columbia. You just think it does.

“You see, you are ‘presumed’ to know the law, which is very weird since We the People are taught NOTHING about the law in school. We memorize obscure facts and phrases here and there, like the Preamble, which says, ‘We the People” establish this Constitution for the United States of America.’ But our teachers only gloss over the Bill of Rights. Our schools (controlled by the corporate government) don’t delve into the Constitution at depth. After all, the corporation was established to indoctrinate and ‘dumb-down’ the masses, not to teach anything of value or importance.

“Certainly, no one mentioned that America was sold-out to foreign interests, that we were beneficiaries of the debt incurred by Congress, or that we were in debt to the international bankers. Yet, for generations, Americans have had the bulk of their earnings confiscated to pay a massive debt that they did not incur. There’s an endless stream of things the People aren’t told. And, now that you are being told, how do you feel about being made the recipient of a debt without your knowledge or consent?

“After passage of the Act of 1871, Congress set a series of subtle and overt deceptions into motion, deceptions in the form of decisions that were meant to sell us down the river.

“Remember also that ‘Ignorance of the law is no excuse.’ It’s your responsibility and obligation to learn the law and know how it applies to you. No wonder the corporation counted on the fact that most people are too indifferent, unconcerned, distracted, or lazy to learn what they need to know to survive within the system. We have been conditioned to let the government do our thinking for us. Now’s the time to turn that around if we intend to help save our Republic and ourselves — before it’s too late.

“As an instrument of the international bankers, the UNITED STATES owns you from birth to death. It also holds ownership of all your assets, of your property, even of your children. Think long and hard about all the bills taxes, fines, and licenses you have paid for or purchased. Yes, they had you by the pockets. If you don’t believe it, read the 14th Amendment. See how ‘free’ you really are. Ignorance of the facts led to your silence. Silence is construed as consent; consent to be beneficiaries of a debt you did not incur. As a Sovereign People we have been deceived for hundreds of years; we think we are free, but in truth we are servants of the corporation.

“Congress committed treason against the People in 1871. Honest men could have corrected the fraud and treason. But apparently there weren’t enough honest men to counteract the lust for money and power. We lost more freedom than we will ever know, thanks to corporate infiltration of our so-called ‘government.’ 

“If the People of America had known to what extent their trust was betrayed, how long would it have taken for a real revolution to occur? What we now need is a Revolution in THOUGHT. We need to change our thinking, then we can change our world. Our children deserve their rightful legacy — the liberty our ancestors fought to preserve, the legacy of a Sovereign and Fully Free People.” [Posted 8/27/02, www.babalmagazine.com/]

From a speech in Congress in The Bankruptcy of The United States United States Congressional Record, March 17, 1993 Vol. 33, page H-1303. Speaker-Rep. James Traficant, Jr. (Ohio) addressing the House: 

“Prior to 1913, most Americans owned clear, Allodial Title to property, free and clear of any liens or mortgages until the Federal Reserve Act (1913) ‘Hypothecated’ all property within the federal United States to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve – in which the Trustees (stockholders) held legal title. The U.S. citizen (tenant, franchisee) was registered as a “beneficiary” of the trust via his/her birth certificate. In 1933, the federal United States hypothecated all of the present and future properties, assets and labor of their “subjects,” the 14th Amendment U.S. citizen, to the Federal Reserve System.”

In return, the Federal Reserve System agreed to extend THE FEDERAL United States CORPORATION [emphasis added] all the credit “money substitute” it needed. Like any other debtor, the federal United States government had to assign collateral and security to their creditors as a condition of the loan. Since the federal United States didn’t have any assets, they assigned the private property of their “economic slaves”, the U.S. citizens as collateral against the unpayable federal debt. They also pledged the unincorporated federal territories, national parks forests, birth certificates, and nonprofit organizations, as collateral against the federal debt. All has already been transferred as payment to the international bankers.

Unwittingly, America has returned to its pre-American Revolution feudal roots whereby all land is held by a sovereign and the common people had no rights to hold allodial title to property. Once again, “We the People,” are the tenants and sharecroppers renting our own property from a Sovereign in the guise of the Federal Reserve Bank. We the people have exchanged one master for another. .”

“As an instrument of the international bankers, the UNITED STATES owns you from birth to death. It also holds ownership of all your assets, of your property, even of your children. Think long and hard about all the bills taxes, fines, and licenses you have paid for or purchased. Yes, they had you by the pockets. If you don’t believe it, read the 14th Amendment. See how ‘free’ you really are. Ignorance of the facts led to your silence. Silence is construed as consent; consent to be beneficiaries of a debt you did not incur. As a Sovereign People we have been deceived for hundreds of years; we think we are free, but in truth we are servants of the corporation. 

Dr. Charles Frederick Tolbert, Ed.D, Pastor, Retired MSGT, Candidate for U.S. Senate FL

http://www.cfabamerica.com/united-states-of-america-is-a-corporation-owned-by-foreign-interests
__________________________________________________________________________________________

United States District Court
Northern District of Florida

                                                                                                          Case No.
                                                                                                          Judge

Charles Frederick Tolbert, Ed.D
Write-In Candidate for U.S. Senate,

                           Plaintiff,
v.

State of Florida Legislature,

                           Defendants.
_______________________________/

VERIFIED MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT

Comes now before this Honorable Court the timely Motion for Summary Judgment to enter a Cease and Desist Order against The State of Florida Legislature for Violation of The United States Constitution in Illegal Election Law Legislation.

GENERAL SUMMARY JUDGMENT ARGUMENT

1.  There are no material issues of fact that need to be decided by the court in this cause.

2.  The controlling Constitutional Law and Statutory Authority cited herein is such that no fact issues remain that can affect the outcome as a matter of law.

GENERAL FACTUAL ALLEGATIONS

1.  This Cease and Desist Motion is Serving Notice that the Two Party domination of the political system here in the State of Florida is in Violation of 24th Amendment that states:

2.  Article I: "The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax."

3.. The States do not have the right to choose to Close  Primaries.  Open Primaries is the Constitutional Law of the Land.

4.  The States do not have the right of force people to join Political Parties and to pay Party Dues in order to Vote in a Primary Election. Nor do they have the right to charge Party Assessment Fees for a candidate to be able to Run for Federal Office in any Election, that is a form of Tax Collection by the State and the Respective Political Parties prohibited by The U.S. Constitution.

5.  Thereby, The State of Florida, Is Hereby To Be Ordered To Cease and Desist from Conducting "Closed Primary Elections," and is to be Further Remanded by the Court from Charging Excessive Ballot Assessment Fees (currently set at $10,440 for Party Affiliations, 6% of the annual salary, paid directly to the Major Political Parties, and $6,960 for No Party Affiliations, 4% of the annual salary, paid to the State Coffers.) 

6.  Or, from setting other harsh conditions, as a type of tax, with their attached Verifying Fees as stipulated for by the State of Florida in the requiring of over excessive and burdensome amounts of Signed Petitions to be gathered, currently set at 1% of a U.S. House District's Registered Voters, (4,616 in the 4th CD FL in example;) or 119,316 Signed and Verified Petitions State-Wide for a Candidate running for U.S. Senate; which would cost $11,931.60 to verify at $.10 a petition with the County Supervisors of Elections; (that amounts to being cheaper to pay the exorbitant Ballot Assessment Fee of $10,440 demanded to be paid directly to the Political Parties, to draw a  conclusion about,) in order for a Candidate's Name to be placed on the ballot.

7. Article II: states that the Federal Congress is charged with making Federal Election Laws and Enforcing those Election Laws.  It is a Federal Constitution, a Federal Election; and Federal Offices being decided, that: "Shall not be denied or abridged by a Poll Tax or Other Tax." A condition that a citizen has to be a member of Political Party to vote in the Primary is a TAX.

8.  The Key to understand here, is the wording, "or Other Tax."  In demonstration to the court of how "Illegally Contrived" Florida's Election Laws are in Violation of The U.S. Constitution.
                                 
                                             CONTROLLING CONSTITUTIONAL LAW

Amendment XXIV ratified to the Constitution On January 23, 1964
Section 1.  The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
Section 2.  The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.                                            

CONCLUSION

Wherefore the Plaintiff moves this Honorable Court to enter an Order for Final Summary Judgment in his favor upon The Florida Legislature to Cease and Desist from its Closed Primary Elections, and to dissolve The Overly Excessive Ballot Assessment Fees and Undue Petition Requirements for Federal Office Seekers immediately forthwith, and grant such other and further relief as may be reasonable and just under the circumstances.

                                                               ____________________________________________                                                     
                                                               Charles Frederick Tolbert, Ed.D
                                                               Write-In Candidate for United States Senate Florida 2016
______________________________________________________________________________

Resolving The National Debt

National Economic Security and Recovery Act (NESARA)

The Federal Government has generally spent more than it is capable of collecting in revenue and has been borrowing the money in a Congressional/Banking Complicity to cover the difference.

Based on the reality that debt is the number one economic factor inhibiting the growth of the economy, and that compound interest the number one "moral evil" and reason for debt; we are Creating a new U.S. Treasury Full Faith Currency backed by Gold, Silver, Platinum, and other Precious Metals, and by the Full Faith In Security of the total assets of The United States, thus ending the bankruptcy of the United States and Releasing Enormous Sums of Money for our Government Budget Funding, Infrastructure, and Humanitarian Relief Purposes commensurate with the economy's long run potential to increase production, so as to promote effectively the goals of maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates.

The Federal Reserve System, often referred to as the Federal Reserve or simply "the Fed," is the central bank of the United States. It was created by the Congress to provide the nation with a safer, more flexible, and more stable monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve was created on December 23, 1913, when President Woodrow Wilson signed the Federal Reserve Act into law. Today, the Federal Reserve's responsibilities fall into four general areas.

1.  Conducting the nation's monetary policy by influencing money and credit conditions in the economy in pursuit of full employment and stable prices.

2.  Supervising and regulating banks and other important financial institutions to ensure the safety and soundness of the nation's banking and financial system and to protect the credit rights of consumers.

3.  Maintaining the stability of the financial system and containing systemic risk that may arise in financial markets.

4.  Providing certain financial services to the U.S. government, U.S. financial institutions, and foreign official institutions, and playing a major role in operating and overseeing the nation's payments systems.

The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Federal Open Market Committee shall maintain long run growth of the monetary and credit aggregates commensurate with the economy's long run potential to increase production, so as to promote effectively the goals of maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates.

The Federal Reserve Bank’s creation was precipitated by repeated financial panics that afflicted the U.S. economy over the previous century, leading to severe economic disruptions due to bank failures and business bankruptcies. An acute crisis in 1907 led to calls for an institution that would prevent panics and disruptions.
 
The 12 regional Feds are based in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Richmond, Atlanta, Chicago, St. Louis, Minneapolis, Kansas City, Dallas and San Francisco.
 
The Federal Reserve’s duties can be categorized into four general areas:

Conducting national monetary policy by influencing monetary and credit conditions in the U.S. economy to ensure maximum employment, stable prices and moderate long-term interest rates.

Supervising and regulating banking institutions to ensure safety of the U.S. banking and financial system and to protect consumers’ credit rights.

Maintaining financial system stability and containing systemic risk.

Providing financial services – including a pivotal role in operating the national payments system – to depository institutions, the U.S. government and foreign official institutions.

The Federal Reserve’s main monetary policymaking body is the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), which includes the Board of Governors, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, and presidents of four other regional Federal Reserve Banks who serve on a rotating basis. The FOMC oversees open market operations, the main tool used by the Fed to influence monetary and credit conditions.
 
The Fed’s main income source is interest on U.S. government securities it has acquired through open market operations. Other income sources include interest on foreign currency investments, interest on loans to depository institutions, and fees for services (such as check clearing and fund transfers) provided to these institutions. After paying expenses, the Fed transfers the rest of its earnings to the U.S. Treasury.

The Federal Reserve's duties can be divided into four general areas: conducting monetary policy, regulating banking institutions and protecting the credit rights of consumers, maintaining the stability of the financial system, and providing financial services to the U.S. government. The Fed also operates three wholesale payment systems: the Fedwire Funds Service, the Fedwire Securities Service and the National Settlement Service. The Fed is a major force in the economy and banking.

The Fed was established by the Federal Reserve Act, which was signed by President Woodrow Wilson on Dec. 23, 1913 in response to the financial panic of 1907. Before that, the United States was the only major financial power without a central bank. The Fed has broad power to act to ensure financial stability, and it is the primary regulator of banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. It acts as the lender of last resort to member institutions who have no place else to borrow.

Banks in the United States are also subject to regulations established by the states, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (if they are members) and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC).

The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) is the monetary policy-making part of the Fed. It's comprised of the seven members of the board of governors of the Fed, the president of the New York Fed and four of the remaining 11 regional Fed presidents, who serve one-year terms on a rotating basis. The FOMC meets eight times a year on a regularly scheduled basis and additionally on an as-needed basis.

The FOMC adjusts the target for the overnight Fed Funds rate at its meetings based on its view of the strength of the economy. When it wants to stimulate the economy, it reduces the target rate. Conversely, it raises the Fed Funds rate to slow the economy. On Dec. 15, 2015, the Fed raised the target rate to a range of 0.25 to 0.5%. This was the first rate hike in almost 10 years.

The Federal Reserve payments system, commonly known as the Fedwire, moves trillions of dollars daily between banks throughout the United States. Transactions are for same-day settlement. In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, the Fed has paid increased attention to the risk created by the time lag between when payments are made early in the day and when they are settled and reconciled. Large financial institutions are being pressured by the Fed to improve real-time monitoring of payments and credit risk, which has been available only on an end-of-day basis.

In 2015, the U.S. spent $223 billion, or 6 percent of the federal budget, paying for interest on the debt. In recent years, interest rates have been at historic lows. As they return closer to normal levels, the amount the government spends on interest will rise substantially.

   Everything You Need to Know About the National Debt

How big is the debt?

Currently, the national debt held by the public is over $13.5 trillion, which is 75 percent of the country’s economy, as measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The gross debt, which includes money owed to other parts of the federal government, is $19 trillion, or 105 percent of GDP.

Throughout history, the United States has normally maintained some amount of debt. However, with the exception of a brief period during and immediately after World War II, debt levels have never been as high as they are now. Without congressional action, debt levels will continue increasing.

Why do we have a national debt?

Particularly over the last 40 years, the federal government has generally spent more than it collected in revenue. When this occurs, the government must borrow money to cover the difference. The government borrows by selling securities such as Treasury bonds, then agreeing to pay bondholders back with interest. Over time, this borrowing accumulates into the national debt.

What are the effects of a high national debt?

The effects of the national debt on the economy are far from abstract. High levels of federal debt will cause:

Higher costs of living: Large amounts of debt mean higher interest rates on everything from credit cards to mortgage loans.

Slower wage growth: In normal economic times, every dollar an investor spends buying government debt is a dollar not invested elsewhere in the economy. That is, high debt “crowds out” more productive investments, leading to slower economic growth and lower wages.

Generational inequality: By not making responsible debt choices, we are placing higher debt burdens on our children and threatening their standard of living and retirement.

Reduced fiscal flexibility: Our debt levels doubled between 2008 and 2013 from 35 percent of GDP to over 70 percent, a result of and in response to the Great Recession. We can’t afford another recession. With an already high debt, the government has less room to respond to future crises such as international events or economic downturns.

Fiscal crises: Unchecked debt growth could eventually lead to a fiscal crisis, as recently occurred across Europe. At that point, investors in U.S. debt will demand higher returns, driving up interest payments, and leading to a debt situation spiraling out of control.

How can we bring our debt levels down?

Achieving meaningful debt reduction will require a comprehensive plan that addresses the major drivers of our debt. Reforming the tax code, slowing the growth of entitlement spending and reducing other spending, and helping to grow the economy are all necessary to put debt on a downward path over the long term.

Why act sooner rather than later?

Acting now to address our growing debt has numerous advantages. The sooner we act, the easier it will be to make changes. If we act now, changes can be phased in gradually so they are less disruptive. Because of compound interest, acting sooner means we can reduce debt to a sustainable level with a smaller amount of savings. For example, if we start now, we would need spending cuts and/or tax increases equaling 2.6 percent of the economy to bring the debt gradually down to historical levels in the next 25 years. Waiting 5 years, however, would require adjustments of 3.2 percent of GDP and waiting 10 years would require 4.2 percent. Waiting has real costs.

The sooner we act, the sooner we will receive the dividends of debt reduction such as faster economic growth, faster wage growth, and increased fiscal flexibility to address priorities. A smart mix of deficit reduction can also lower income inequality.

How much do we pay in interest?

Interest on the debt is now and is projected to continue being the fastest growing area of federal spending in the coming years, outpacing even Medicare or Social Security. In 2015, the U.S. spent $223 billion, or 6 percent of the federal budget, paying for interest on the debt.

In recent years, interest rates have been at historic lows. As they return closer to normal levels, the amount the government spends on interest will rise substantially. The Congressional Budget Office projects the interest rate on ten-year Treasury bonds will climb from slightly over 2 percent today to over 4 percent by 2020. As a result, interest payments will double to almost $500 billion. By 2030, interest will represent over 14 percent of the federal budget and continue to climb. This represents money that cannot be spent on other government priorities such as education, national defense, research or infrastructure.

If interest rates rise even higher, our payments will be even greater—a one percentage point increase costs the country an additional staggering $1.7 trillion over a decade. If interest rates returned to the record-high levels of the 1980s, the country would pay $6 trillion more in interest.

To whom do we owe the national debt?

While a majority of U.S. debt is held domestically, a sizable and growing portion is held by foreign investors. Both foreign governments and foreign citizens purchase U.S. debt.

There are several reasons why U.S. debt is attractive to foreign investors. In times of economic turmoil, such as during the recent financial crisis and its aftermath, U.S. Treasury bonds are considered a safe investment. Foreign investors also hold U.S. Treasuries because they are highly liquid (easily converted to cash) and because they provide protection against fluctuating exchange rates.

China and Japan are the largest foreign owners of U.S. debt. In addition to the reasons already mentioned, these countries can influence their currency exchange rates through large purchases of U.S. debt. Altogether, in November 2015, $6 trillion of U.S. debt was held by foreign investors.

What has led to our current debt levels?

The U.S. had budget surpluses from 1997 to 2000. Since then, tax cuts, spending on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and overall increases in spending all added significantly to the national debt. The economic crisis and the response also substantially contributed. Falling income levels and rising unemployment meant lower revenue, while spending also automatically grew on social safety net programs—such as unemployment benefits and food stamps.

What is driving our future debt path?

Many of the drivers of our past debt are nearing resolution—the wars are winding down and the economy is recovering. Unfortunately, our future debt will grow if nothing is done, due to a different set of factors. These include:

Population Aging: As the population grows older, spending on Social Security and Medicare will increase dramatically. Additionally, these older Americans will no longer be working and will pay fewer taxes, leading to lower revenues.

Rapid Health Care Cost Growth: Federal health spending is currently equal to 5.6 percent of the economy. In 25 years, it is projected to rise to approximately 8 percent.

Growing Interest Costs: As interest rates return to normal levels, the cost of interest payments on debt already borrowed will increase.

Insufficient Revenue: The historical amount of revenue collected is not sufficient to afford record-high levels of retirees, health care spending, and interest. Our debt problems are so large they cannot be solved by either spending cuts or revenue increases alone.

What is the appropriate level of debt?

The historical average of our debt as a share of the economy is around 40 percent, slightly over half of current levels. It is not necessary to pay off the national debt entirely to restore our nation's fiscal health. In fact, incurring some national debt can be useful in responding quickly to unexpected events such as wars and recessions. However, current debt levels limit this flexibility. Our debt/GDP ratio should be placed on a clear downward path toward the historical average. The Peterson Pew Commission on Budget Reform recommended a medium-term goal of a 60 percent debt-to-GDP ratio.

Do we have to balance the budget each year?

While narrowing the gap between spending and revenue is important, it is not necessary to balance the budget each year to bring the debt under control. Because debt/GDP is the best measure of an economy’s capacity to handle debt, as long as the economy is growing faster than debt, debt will fall relative to GDP.

Small deficits are acceptable. During a recession, larger deficits are often needed to allow the government to reduce the economic impacts of the downturn. However, to foster flexibility during recessions, deficits must fall back to low levels in periods of economic growth.

What is the difference between deficits and debt?

Deficits occur each year that federal spending exceeds revenues collected. Alternatively, when revenues exceed spending, the federal budget runs a surplus. When the federal government runs deficits for multiple years—as we have done with only a few exceptions in the last 40 years—the deficits plus the interest incurred on that borrowing accumulate into the national debt.

Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget

CHAIRMEN: MITCH DANIELS, LEON PANETTA, TIM PENNY,

PRESIDENT: MAYA MACGUINEAS

DIRECTORS: BARRY ANDERSON, ERSKINE BOWLES, CHARLES BOWSHER, KENT CONRAD, DAN CRIPPEN, VIC FAZIO, WILLIS GRADISON, WILLIAM HOAGLAND, JIM JONES, LOU KERR, JIM KOLBE, DAVE MCCURDY, JAMES MCINTYRE, JR., DAVID MINGE,  JUNE O’NEILL, PAUL O’NEILL, MARNE OBERNAUER, JR., BOB PACKWOOD, RUDOLPH PENNER, PETER PETERSON, ROBERT REISCHAUER, ALICE RIVLIN, CHARLES ROBB, MARTIN SABO, ALAN K. SIMPSON, JOHN SPRATT, CHARLIE STENHOLM, GENE STEUERLE, DAVID STOCKMAN, JOHN TANNER, TOM TAUKE, GEORGE VOINOVICH, PAUL VOLCKER, CAROL COX WAIT, DAVID M. WALKER, JOSEPH WRIGHT, JR.

1900 M Street NW • Suite 850 • Washington, DC 20036 • Phone: 202-596-3597 • Fax: 202-478-0681 • www.crfb.org - Press Secretary Patrick Newton at newton@crfb.org.

Last year, the federal government spent about $223 billion on net interest payments to service our debt, the equivalent of roughly 6 percent of the budget and 1.2 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). As a share of the economy, the government has not spent this little on interest since the 1960s, but this trend is soon set to reverse.

Currently, interest rates are at unprecedented and historic lows – the 10-year note currently pays about 2.3 percent in interest and the 3-month Treasury bill is about 0.25 percent. As the national and global economy recovers and the Federal Reserve unwinds its expansionary monetary policy, interest rates are projected to grow and federal interest spending is expected to follow. Indeed, interest is slated to be the fastest growing part of the budget over the next decade.

Given the role that interest will contribute to the United States’ substantial fiscal challenges, interest costs cannot be treated as merely a side effect in the budget. Even under current projections, interest spending threatens to crowd out other important priorities, and our high level of debt puts the country’s finances at substantial risk if interest rates rise further than expected.

The $223 billion in interest costs this year resulted from servicing the $13.1 trillion debt at an average interest rate of 1.7 percent. Even at today’s record-low interest rates, this is already more than we spend on the Departments of Homeland Security and Veterans Affairs combined.

This is also more than our combined spending on the Departments of Education, Housing and Urban Development, and Transportation. Every dollar the United States devotes to interest payments is a dollar that cannot fund national priorities or that Interest Rates and the Debt

As interest rates rise back to more normal levels and debt continues to grow, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) expects spending on debt service to increase significantly.

CBO projects the 10-year Treasury note interest rate to increase from about 2.3 percent today to an average of 4.3 percent after 2020 and the interest rate on 3-month Treasury bills to increase from about 0.25 percent in today to 3.4 percent after 2020.

CBO also projects debt held by the public will grow from $13.1 trillion at the end of fiscal year 2015 to $21.0 trillion by 2025. As a result of these factors, interest payments will rise.

Based on CBO’s August baseline (which excludes some recently-passed legislation):
• In nominal dollars, net interest costs will nearly double between 2015 and 2019 from roughly $220 billion to nearly $440 billion; by 2025 interest costs will have more than tripled to $755 billion.
• As a share of the economy, federal interest payments are expected to double by 2021, from 1.2 to 2.4 percent of GDP, and then continue to grow to 2.8 percent of GDP by 2025.
• The annual budget deficit will rise from $439 billion in 2015 to $1.0 trillion in 2025. This can is almost entirely explained by the $532 billion rise in interest payments.
• By 2022, interest payments will surpass how much the government spends on all of its investments, including research and development, education, training, and infrastructure.
• By 2025, interest payments will consume 15% of all revenue collected and represent 1 out of every 8 dollars the government spends.

C BO expects interest rates to rise, but not to their pre-crisis levels. As a result of slower labor force and productivity growth, growing income inequality, and other factors, CBO projects rates (on an inflation-adjusted basis) will be about one percentage point lower than the average between 1990 and 2007. If interest rates differ from CBO’s projections, the budgetary implications could be significant.

For example:

• If real interest rates return to pre-crisis levels, interest payments over the next decade would be $1.7 trillion higher – increasing debt in 2025 by 6 percent of GDP.
• If real interest rates returned to pre-crisis level, debt held by the public would exceed the size of the economy by 2033.
• If real interest rates returned to the levels seen in the 1980s, interest payments would be $6 trillion higher, increasing debt in 2025 by 22 percent of GDP.
• Conversely, if real interest rates remain around the levels we’ve seen over the past 10 years, deficits and debt over the next decade would be $1.6 trillion lower.

With the help of historically low interest rates, this year’s deficits are significantly lower than just a few years ago. However, trillion-dollar deficits are poised to return as interest rates rise over the next decade. And without a plan to reduce debt levels from their current historic highs, even small increases in interest rates beyond projected levels could significantly worsen an already unsustainable fiscal picture. The best way policymakers can protect against the risk of rising interest rates is to enact a thoughtful mixture of tax and spending reforms that put the debt on a clear downward path over the long run.

The further a society drifts from truth, the more it will hate those that speak it.” George Orwell
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Unfunded Liabilities of the Federal Government

Describing any liability or other expense that does not have savings or investments set aside to pay it. That is, the party responsible for paying an unfunded liability pays for it out of current income or by borrowing. The risk of an unfunded liability is that a payee may not receive that which he/she is entitled to if the payer goes through a difficult financial period. It also increases the payer's current liabilities.

Government entitlement programs themselves are not myths; they are part of a serious problem that needs to be addressed. According to Virginia Congressman Dave Brat, “by 2027, the United States could face $127 trillion in unfunded liabilities,” future financial obligations that we will be unable to pay for.  The number is so large, it’s almost inconceivable. Most lawmakers today boast about how they can “save” Social Security, Medicare, Medicaid, and other Entitlements. 

More people are enrolling in entitlement programs, such as Social Security, because baby boomers are retiring at an astronomical rate, and more people are claiming Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) which is set to see a massive cut in funding next year.

There are many proposed solutions for fixing entitlements, such as raising the retirement age and making it illegal for the government to continue to raid the Social Security fund. These are all steps in the right direction toward a long road of necessary entitlement reform.

The national debt of the United States is the amount owed by the federal government of the United States. The measure of the public debt is the value of the outstanding Treasury securities at a point of time that have been issued by the Treasury and other federal government agencies.

The terms national deficit and national surplus usually refer to the federal government budget balance from year to year, not the cumulative total. A deficit year increases the debt because more money is spent than is received; a surplus year decreases the debt because more money is received than spent.

There are two components of gross national debt:

Debt held by the public, such as Treasury securities held by investors outside the federal government, including those held by individuals, corporations, the Federal Reserve System and foreign, state and local governments.

Debt held by government accounts or intragovernmental debt, such as non-marketable Treasury securities held in accounts administered by the federal government that are owed to program beneficiaries, such as the Social Security Trust Fund. Debt held by government accounts represents the cumulative surpluses, including interest earnings, of these accounts that have been invested in Treasury securities.

In general, government debt increases as a result of government spending, and decreases from tax or other receipts, both of which fluctuate during the course of a fiscal year. In practice, Treasury securities are not issued or redeemed on a day-by-day basis, and may also be issued or redeemed as part of the federal government's macroeconomic monetary management operations. The aggregate, gross amount that Treasury can borrow is limited by the United States debt ceiling.

Historically, the US public debt as a share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has increased during wars and recessions, and subsequently declined. The ratio of debt to GDP may decrease as a of a government surplus or due to growth of GDP and inflation. For example, debt held by the public as a share of GDP peaked just after World War II (113% of GDP in 1945), but then fell over the following 35 years. In recent decades, however, aging demographics and rising healthcare costs have led to concern about the long-term sustainability of the federal government's fiscal policies.

On April 29, 2016, debt held by the public was $13.8 trillion or about 76% of the previous 12 months of GDP. Intragovernmental holdings stood at $5.3 trillion, giving a combined total gross national debt of $19.1 trillion or about 106% of the previous 12 months of GDP.[7] $6.2 trillion or approximately 45% of the debt held by the public was owned by foreign investors, the largest of which were the People's Republic of China and Japan at about $1.25 trillion for China and $1.15 trillion for Japan as of February 2016.]

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United States Government Entitlement Programs:

529 Prepaid Tuition or Coverdell Education Savings Account Plans
Home Mortgage Interest Deduction
Hope or Lifetime Learning Tax Credit
Student Loans
Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit
Earned Income Tax Credit
Social Security--Retirement & Survivors
Pell Grants
Unemployment Insurance
Veterans Benefits
G.I. Bill
Medicare
Head Start
Social Security Disability
SSI--Supplemental Security Income
Medicaid
Welfare/Public Assistance
Government Subsidized Housing
Food Stamps

An entitlement program is a type of "government program” that provides individuals with personal financial benefits (or special government-provided goods or services) to which an indefinite (but usually rather large) number of potential beneficiaries have a legal right whenever they meet eligibility conditions that are specified by the standing law that authorizes the program." Entitlement spending is distinct from discretionary spending. Congress does not pass an annual appropriation; instead, expenditure on the program automatically increases or decreases with the number of claims against eligibility criteria. The government must provide the benefits even if it is insolvent, has reached the debt ceiling, or has not passed a budget.

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Common Core

A hybrid school system will be defined as schools that use class room, online sources, and home schooling to teach the accredited curriculum.

Oriented to Self-motivation, in retrospect the hybrid school system was used to facilitate learning. Assignments online, friends and families and sharing in class room, home studying is not enough nor is class room strictly online, but equal incorporation of the three will enable the student to utilize his or her own learning skills.

The changing global education system requires that new innovative instructions be researched for all grade levels in order for parochial schools to compete with the traditional public school system.

“We all acknowledge that the information age has had a profound impact on the world around us; thus it is not unreasonable to assume that the information age should also affect the form and function of adult education”

Parents want more than just good grades, too; they think moral instruction is important.

Schools ought to try to instill the virtues of honesty and moral courage, apply the Golden Rule, teach children to accept people with different ethnic and religious backgrounds, and promote democracy.

Not all who are placed in the position of a teacher or leader are in fact the teacher or leader they only hold the title. Many students, staff and outside organizations may be actually teaching and leading the organization or school.

Professional Learning Community (PLC)  (vision, mission, goals, books and curriculum) (tenets – principle doctrines held by a group of professionals)

“There are five skill-sets of teachers seem to be associated with effective interactive learning by students:

• Using and Developing Professional Knowledge and Values;
• Communicating, Interacting, and Working with Students and Others;
• Planning and Managing the Teaching and Learning Process;
• Monitoring and Assessing Student Progress and Learning Outcomes; and
• Reflecting, Evaluating and Planning for Continuous Improvement.”
These five skills sets are also applicable to leaders/principals.

Our local schools and PLC’s are not in control but are being mandated to operate and teach according to a Centralized system/authority versus the decentralization.

The leader/principal would answer first to the community and then teach the other subjects that would insure that the student could read write and understand math.

For example, our ministers would want our students to understand the Bible so we would make the Bible the center of our teaching. The community would want their children to understand ethical and moral issues and to reduce the number of their children being incarcerated. This then would be the first responsibility of the leader and the PLC. In teaching moral and ethics the teachers would instruct the students how the Bible relates to their responsibility as being responsible adults.

It is, unreasonable to assume that students will not take drugs, get into fights and have babies if they were not first taught ethics and their moral responsibility.

The PLC was established within the school by the teacher’s interaction, exchange of ideas and material in order for them to have the supplies necessary to meet their requirements. If then schools were given a budget and the PLC of a school interacted with a PLC of other schools, it is possible that this applied principle would not just be by chance but could have an impact on the all communities. Valuable resources could be conserved and reallocated as needed to other communities. Teachers in all communities would be able to share and exchange ideas and material. The winners would be all communities and the children.

Your role as a leader should distribute expertise and competence among people and to provide opportunities for other people to see you doing the learning that you expect them to do.” Leaders are followed and copied because what they practice seems to work and because they also practice what they preach.

“You can change people’s values and change the impact of those values on student learning by changing the way people talk.”

You must change the subconscious if you are to change the conscience.  Changing the way the leader, teacher, and student or community thinks opens up the mind to being able to learn new ideas which in turn creates new actions and responses.

There are six standards provided by the National Association of Elementary School Principals.

• Standard One: Balance management and Leadership Roles.

• Standard Two: Set High Expectations and Standards.

• Standard Three: Demand Content and Instructions that ensures student Achievement.

• Standard Four: Create a Culture of Adult Learning.

• Standard Five: Use Multiple Sources of data as Diagnostic tools.

• Stand Six: Actively Engage the community.

“We have an opportunity to identify and prepare a diverse group of school leaders who can change curriculum and instructions and build higher performing schools.”

“We are committed to providing schools,” viewing all children regardless of their race, creed, color or religion as being eligible for college.

The principal’s role is increasingly being defined in terms of instructional leadership,” focusing on six distinct forms of leadership:

1. Instructional leadership has influenced teachers’ work in a way that will improve student’s achievement.
2. Transformational leadership seeks to increase the commitments and capacities of school staff.
3. Moral leadership is rooted in the values and ethics of the leader, who influences others by appealing to the notions of right and wrong.
4. Participation leadership is focused on decision-making processes that seek to involve other members of the school community, such as site-based management.
5. Managerial leadership focuses on functions, task, and behaviors of leaders, with an emphasis on efficiency and effectiveness.
6. Contingent leadership focuses on the ways school leaders respond to specific sets of circumstances, adapting their behavior to fit situation.

A teacher must become the student and the student become the teacher because in all cases the leader is both the student and the leader.

The Death of Distances How the Communications Revolution is Changing Our Lives. There is no longer a distance between libraries and schools, all information is accessible to all staff and students.

What is the product that a principal is producing? The product is students who can survey/survive regardless of the economy.

The primary focus of assessment is to promote learning, not to measure and report it. Teachers must use content standards as the basis for their curriculum, assessment, and instructional decision making. The school should have a philosophy and a system of grading that ensure consistency among teachers. Faculty must develop an assessment system that tells them whether their work produces changes in student achievement.

Today’s successful teachers view themselves as facilitators of learning and invite their students to be active and responsible partners in the learning process. These teachers design learning activities to focus student learning on enduring understandings, key principles, concepts, and skills. They recognize and plan for the diverse academic needs, interests, and learning profiles of their students. Their goal is to challenge and help every student to grow, regardless of where each student begins. To accomplish this, they continuously monitor students’ progress and modify activities in response to their varied needs; use a variety of instructional strategies and assessment techniques; and engage students in the process of setting challenging academic goals, assessing their own work, and reflecting on their own progress.

Successful schools have found that involving all staff and community members in the process of identifying what students should know and be able to do by the time they graduate is time well spent in developing local curriculum. Curriculum development is a team planning and examination process, using quality control measures such as standards, to ensure that you get it right. Schools show they value their teachers’ time and effort in planning curriculum by compensating them with common planning time, professional development, and stipends, and by making curriculum planning a part of the performance evaluation system.

In some schools, teachers don’t know what’s being taught in their colleagues’ classrooms. Curriculum mapping is a process that brings staff together to map the content they teach and begin the conversation about what should be in the curriculum. Mapping essential understandings and core performance tasks across the K-12 curriculum ensures a curriculum designed for depth rather than breadth, where the textbook is a resource for teachers and the textbook adoption cycle is not the extent of the school system’s curriculum development. The maps can be used to identify repetitions, gaps, and places where integration across disciplines can reduce the fragmentation commonly found in unexamined curriculum work.

Teachers are supported in honing their skills through peer coaching, and beginning teachers and their more experienced mentors value a comprehensive mentoring program. Instructional leaders ensure that the school improvement plan is linked to student learning results, related instructional needs, measurable goals, and the resulting professional development plan. Professional development is an integral part of the school culture and climate.

In schools where students realize deep understandings, teachers are familiar with theories of learning, such as the theory of multiple intelligences, learning styles, and constructivism. What’s more, in these settings teachers help students think about how they think. Students learn to identify how they learn best, and they understand that there are many ways of being “smart.” In these settings, students also have choices in how they express their learning and are encouraged to demonstrate what they know in different ways.

Designing a brain-friendly environment is a top priority for teachers in schools where true learning occurs. Teachers understand how the brain processes, stores, and retrieves information and consequently create learning environments that honor those natural functions. For example, a learning setting attuned to what we know about the brain is a safe, non-threatening place where all students feel encouraged to participate in the learning process. Teachers incorporate laughter and purposeful movement in the classroom, and they provide opportunities for students to “teach” or explain what they have just learned—in their own words–to a partner or the class. 

In Summary: The before mention writing was to present why Common Core is in violation of the 10th amendment and in the appendix the supreme court’s rulings on the right of the parent to be part of their children’s education.
Unfortunately, many parents resume that they have no right to teach, education or establish moral standards.  This belief that the school and government is to protect, educate, and establish standards has circumvented the parents’ rights.

The influx of money from the Federal Government to the states has circumvent the states own rights given to them as a federalism and protection written into the constitution.  If Florida is to lead, they need to start by making education its first priority. Education has to teach skills and promote creativeness, Common Core will do none of this. Common Core will however, cause great teachers to fail in their assignment of promoting creativeness and new ideas which has made America great.

In conclusion at what cost and how long will it take to establish Florida or for that matter to address a new school system. A hybrid school system study would cost less than a $1,000,000, it would take one year to develop the curriculum and establish a system that can be duplicated and mirrored across America. This model can be implemented in 3rd world countries. Instead of Florida’s being ranked 36 out of 50 States and the USA being 18 out 36 industrial counties in as little as 10 years we can be the leader by example.

We can influence world power: by military readiness, productiveness and creativeness though education and a new information system. Ask yourselves, should America be a leader or as Common Core would want us to be a follower.

The Common Core State Standard (CCSS) is not a curriculum but a set of standards defining the knowledge and skills that students from pre-kindergarten to 12th grade need to master each year to be prepared for the next grade, and ultimately college or work. Creating common academic standards across the country was a state-led initiative, involving a coalition of governors and educators. The actual standards were developed by teachers, administrators, experts and parents.

Modeled after successful programs in the U.S. and abroad the Common Core standards are meant to provide teachers and parents with a shared understanding of what students are expected to learn. One aim is ensure that kids who move across city or even state lines end up in schools with the same information being taught.

Building on the best of existing state standards, the Common Core State Standards provide clear and consistent learning goals to help prepare students for college, career, and life. The standards clearly demonstrate what students are expected to learn at each grade level, so that every parent and teacher can understand and support their learning.

The standards are:

  • Research and evidence based
  • Clear, understandable, and consistent
  • Aligned with college and career expectations
  • Based on rigorous content and the application of knowledge through higher-order thinking skills
  • Built upon the strengths and lessons of current state standards
  • Informed by other top-performing countries to prepare all students for success in our global economy and society

According to the best available evidence, the mastery of each standard is essential for success in college, career, and life in today’s global economy.  Though the standards are not controlled by the federal government, some education advocates worry that that they are being dictated by test companies and federal agendas. NYC parent activist Leonie Haimson charges that parents had little say in their adoption. “I don’t think there is a huge consensus on these standards,” she explained. “I’m very doubtful about a pilot being imposed on so many million kids across the US. I would far more trust parents to say what are good standards for their kids and what work is good for their kids.”

Appendix:

In the early 1920s, the United States Supreme Court first reviewed the rights, liberties and obligations of parents to direct the upbringing of their children. Two important decisions, Meyer v. Nebraska and Pierce v. Society of Sisters, established a legacy which was followed by a series of decisions holding that parenting is a fundamental constitutional right, and among “the basic civil rights of man.”

Choices about marriage, family life, and the upbringing of children are among those rights the Court has ranked as “of basic importance in our society,” and as sheltered by the 14th Amendment against the State’s unwarranted usurpation, disregard, or disrespect.

Choices about marriage, family life, and the upbringing of children are among associational rights this Court has ranked as “of basic importance in our society,” rights sheltered by the 14th Amendment against the State’s unwarranted usurpation, disregard, or disrespect. This case, involving the State’s authority to sever permanently a parent-child bond, demanded the close consideration the Court has long required when a family association so undeniably important was at stake.  [M. L. B. v. S. L. J.  519 US 102, 117 S. Ct. 555 (1996)]

The fundamental liberty interest of natural parents in the care, custody, and management of their child is protected by the 14th Amendment, and does not evaporate simply because they have not been model parents or have lost temporary custody of their child to the State. A parental rights termination proceeding interferes with that fundamental liberty interest. When the State moves to destroy weakened familial bonds, it must provide the parents with fundamentally fair procedures. [Santosky v Kramer  455 US 745 (1982)]

The Court’s decisions have by now made plain that a parent’s desire for and right to “the companionship, care, custody, and management of his or her children” is an important interest that “undeniably warrants deference and, absent a powerful countervailing interest, protection.” A parent’s interest in the accuracy and justice of the decision to terminate his or her parental status is, therefore, a commanding one. [ Lassiter v Department of Social Services 452 US 18 (1981)]

We have little doubt that the Due Process Clause would be offended “if a State were to attempt to force the breakup of a natural family, over the objections of the parents and their children, without some showing of unfitness and for the sole reason that to do so was thought to be in the children’s best interest.” Whatever might be required in other situations, we cannot say that the State was required in this situation to find anything more than that the adoption, and denial of legitimation, were in the “best interests of the child.” [Quilloin v Walcott 434 US 246 (1978)]

In this action, individual foster parents and a foster parents organization, sought declaratory and injunctive relief against New York State and New York City officials, alleging that the statutory and regulatory procedures for removal of foster children from foster homes violated the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the 14th Amendment. The ruling contains an analysis of the rights of natural parents as balanced against the rights of foster parents, as well as a comprehensive discussion of foster care conditions. [Smith v Organization of Foster Care Families
431 US 816 (1977)]

The Court has long recognized that freedom of personal choice in matters of marriage and family life is one of the liberties protected by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. A host of cases, tracing their lineage to Meyer v. Nebraska and Pierce v. Society of Sisters have consistently acknowledged a “private realm of family life which the state cannot enter.” When the government intrudes on choices concerning family living arrangements, the Court must examine carefully the importance of the governmental interests advanced. [Moore v East Cleveland 431 US 494 (1977)]

The Court has long recognized that freedom of personal choice in matters of marriage and family life is one of the liberties protected by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. There is a right “to be free from unwarranted governmental intrusion into matters so fundamentally affecting a person as the decision whether to bear or beget a child.” [Cleveland Board of Education v La Fleur 414 US 632 (1974)]

The private interest here, that of a man in the children he has sired and raised, undeniably warrants deference and protection. The integrity of the family unit has found protection in the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment, and the 9th Amendment. [Stanley v Illinois 405 US 645 (1972)]

In this case involving the rights of Amish parents to provide for private schooling of their children, the Court held: “The history and culture of Western civilization reflect a strong tradition of parental concern for the nurture and upbringing of their children. This primary role of the parents in the upbringing of their children is now established beyond debate as an enduring American tradition.” [Wisconsin v Yoder 406 US 205 (1972)]

In this case involving interracial marriage, the Court reaffirmed the principles set forth in Pierce and Meyers, finding that marriage is one of the basic civil rights of man, fundamental to our very existence and survival. “The Fourteenth Amendment requires that the freedom of choice to marry not be restricted by invidious racial discriminations. Under our Constitution, the freedom to marry, or not marry, a person of another race resides with the individual and cannot be infringed by the State.” [Loving v Virginia 388 US 1 (1967)]

The 4th and 5th Amendments were described as protection against all governmental invasions “of the sanctity of a man’s home and the privacies of life.” The Court referred to the 4th Amendment as creating a “right to privacy, no less important than any other right carefully and particularly reserved to the people.” Reaffirming the principles set forth in Pierce v. Society of Sisters and Meyers v Nebraska. [Griswold v Connecticut 381 US 479 (1965)]

It is cardinal with us that the custody, care and nurture of the child reside first in the parents, whose primary function and freedom include preparation for obligations the state can neither supply nor hinder. And it is in recognition of this that these decisions have respected the private realm of family life which the state cannot enter. [Prince v Massachusetts 321 US 158 (1944)]

“We are dealing here with legislation which involves one of the basic civil rights of man. Marriage and procreation are fundamental to the very existence and survival of the race.” [Skinner v Oklahoma 316 US 535 (1942)]

The liberty of parents and guardians to direct the upbringing and education of children was abridged by a proposed statute to compel public education. “The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excludes any general power of the state to standardize its children by forcing them to accept instruction from public teachers only. The child is not the mere creature of the state; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right, coupled with the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations.” [Pierce v Society of Sisters 268 US 510 (1925)]

“No state … shall deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law.”
“While this court has not attempted to define with exactness the liberty thus guaranteed, the term has received much consideration and some of the included things have been definitely stated. Without doubt, it denotes not merely freedom from bodily restraint but also the right of the individual to contract, to engage in any of the common occupations of life, to acquire useful knowledge, to marry, establish a home and bring up children, to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience, and generally to enjoy those privileges long recognized at common law as essential to the orderly pursuit of happiness by free men.” [Meyer v Nebraska
262 US 390 (1923)]

The Supreme Court of the United States has traditionally and continuously upheld the principle that parents have the fundamental right to direct the education and upbringing of their children. A review of cases taking up the issue shows that the Supreme Court has unwaveringly given parental rights the highest respect and protection possible. What follows are some of the examples of the Court’s past protection of parental rights.

In Meyer v. Nebraska, 1. the Court invalidated a state law which prohibited foreign language instruction for school children because the law did not “promote” education but rather “arbitrarily and unreasonably” interfered with “the natural duty of the parent to give his children education suitable to their station in life…” 2. The court chastened the legislature for attempting “materially to interfere… with the power of parents to control the education of their own.” 3. This decision clearly affirmed that the Constitution protects the preferences of the parent in education over those of the State. In the same decision, the Supreme Court also recognized that the right of the parents to delegate their authority to a teacher in order to instruct their children was protected within the liberty of the Fourteenth Amendment.

The fundamental theory of liberty upon which all governments in this Union repose excluded any general power of the state to standardize its children by forcing them to accept instruction from public teachers only. The child is not the mere creature of the state; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right and the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations. [emphasis supplied]

The Supreme Court uses strong language in asserting that children are not “the mere creature of the State.” The holding in Pierce, therefore, preserves diversity of process of education by forbidding the State to standardize the education of children through forcing them to only accept instruction from public schools.

The parents’ right to instruct their children clearly takes precedence over the state’s regulatory interest unless the public safety is endangered.

Similarly, in Prince v. Massachusetts, the Supreme Court admitted the high responsibility and right of parents to control the upbringing of their children against that of the State.
It is cardinal with us that the custody, care, and nurture of the child reside first in the parents, whose primary function and freedom include preparation for obligations the State can neither supply nor hinder. [emphasis supplied] 

Twenty-one years later, the Supreme Court, in Griswold v. Connecticut, emphasized that the state cannot interfere with the right of a parent to control his child’s education. 14 The Court stated that the right to educate one’s child as one chooses is guaranteed in the Bill of Rights and applicable to the States by the First and Fourteenth Amendments.

Consequently, it is clear the constitutional right of a parent to direct the upbringing and education of his child is firmly entrenched in the U.S. Supreme Court case history. Furthermore, a higher standard of review applies to fundamental rights such as parental liberty than to other rights. When confronted with a conflict between parents’ rights and state regulation, the court must apply the “compelling interest test.” Under this test, the state must prove that its infringement on the parents’ liberty is essential to fulfill a compelling interest and is the least restrictive means of fulfilling this state interest. Simply proving the regulation is reasonable is not sufficient.
Below are excerpts from over a dozen United States Supreme Court cases where, primarily in dicta, the Court has declared parental rights to be fundamental rights which require a higher standard of review (i.e. the “compelling interest test”).

In this case, the Court includes the right of parents to rear children among rights “deemed fundamental.” [1. Paris Adult Theater v. Slaton, 413 US 49, 65 (1973)]

Once again, the Court includes the right of parents in the area of “child rearing and education” to be a liberty interest protected by the Fourteenth Amendment, requiring an application of the “compelling interest test.” [2. Carey v. Population Services International, 431 US 678, 684-686 (1977)]

Although the Constitution does not explicitly mention any right of privacy, the Court has recognized that one aspect of the liberty protected by the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment is a “right of personal privacy or a guarantee of certain areas or zones of privacy . . . This right of personal privacy includes the interest and independence in making certain kinds of important decisions . . . While the outer limits of this aspect of privacy have not been marked by the Court, it is clear that among the decisions that an individual may make without unjustified government interference are personal decisions relating to marriage . . . family relationships, Prince v. Massachusetts, 321 US 158 (1944); and child rearing and education, Pierce v. Society of Sisters, 268 US 510 (1925); Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 US 390 (1923).’ [Emphasis supplied]

Charles Frederick Tolbert DivM, EdD
Retired MSGT - Pastor
Write in Candidate for United States Senate Florida 2016 CFABAPF
Www.cfabamerica.com
Task Force Liberty

 

 

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